For Immediate Release
Leah Plunkett – National Consumer Law Center: 617-542-8010
Jean Ann Fox – Consumer Federation of America: 928-772-0674
Gail Hillebrand – Consumers Union: 415-431-6747, ext 136
Scorecard Shows Consumers Pay Steep Rates for Small Loans
Financial Reform Should Include a Strong Consumer Financial Protection Agency
WASHINGTON - Many states are failing to provide adequate protections for consumers against extremely expensive credit according to a new report by
the National Consumer Law Center, Consumer Federation of America, and
Consumers Union. The Scorecard updates a 2008 report and grades states
on how well they protect consumers from excessive interest charges on
small loan products. It illustrates why Americans need a strong
Consumer Financial Protection Agency as part of the financial reform
package currently under consideration in the Senate.
“Steep rates for short-term small loans trap borrowers in
unaffordable debt,” said Jean Ann Fox, director of financial services
for Consumer Federation of America. “As consumers struggle to make ends
meet in a tight economy, they need protection against rate gouging.”
States traditionally regulate the rates and terms for nonbank small
loan products. The report evaluates how well states are doing on
curbing usury by examining the statutory maximum annual percentage rate
(APR) of interest and fees for four typical small-dollar loan products
and whether these products’ APRs are limited by the state’s criminal
usury cap. The four loan products evaluated in the report are payday
loans; auto title loans; six-month, $500 unsecured installment loans;
and one-year, $1,000 unsecured installment loans.
States received a “Passing” grade if the loan product’s APR was 36
percent or less or if they prohibited payday or auto title loans.
States that did not have a cap on the loan product’s APR or those that
allowed a loan product’s APR to exceed 36 percent received a “Failing”
“The 2010 Scorecard shows that consumers need effective loan
protections at both the state and federal level,” said Gail Hillebrand,
manager of Consumers Union’s DefendYourDollars.org campaign. “Congress
should make sure that financial reform includes a strong, independent
watchdog in Washington to protect consumers from unfair lending
practices no matter what state they live in. And states should have the
power to enforce the law and enact even stronger safeguards.”
Legislation was introduced in both the House and Senate in 2009 to
cap the cost of credit at 36 percent (S. 500 Durbin and H.R. 1608
Speier). In 2006, Congress enacted a 36 percent rate cap to protect
Service members and their families from abusive lending. Thirty-six
percent is the limit set by the FDIC’s Responsible Small Dollar Lending
Guidelines and is double the cap for federally-chartered credit unions.
The 36 percent rate cap on small loan lending became a part of civil
law in most states by the mid-twentieth century to address the
widespread problem of loan sharking.
Based on a review of state laws governing the four loan products, the report found that:
• Eight jurisdictions protect consumers against abusive lending
practices for all four small dollar loan products: Arkansas,
Connecticut, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York,
Pennsylvania, and Vermont. In addition, Massachusetts and West Virginia
come close to earning a perfect score but fees added to low interest
for $500 unsecured installment loans in those states push the APR to 37
and 38 percent, respectively.
• Fifteen states currently fail to protect consumers against abusive
lending for all four products: Arizona, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois,
Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, South
Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, and Wisconsin. When Arizona’s
payday loan law sunsets July 1, 2010, the state will get a passing
grade on that product.
• States scored the worst when it came to payday loans. Thirty-six
states fail to protect consumers against high cost payday loans.
Thirty-one states fail to protect consumers from high-costs for
six-month, $500 unsecured installment loans and twenty states fail to
protect consumers against expensive auto title loans.
• States scored better when it came to protecting consumers against
expensive one-year, $1,000 unsecured installment loans. Twenty-eight
states and the District of Columbia received a “Passing” grade.
• Five states set no usury caps for small loans, including Delaware, Idaho, South Dakota, Utah, and Wisconsin.
• Since states were graded in 2008, voters in Ohio and Arizona
rejected triple-digit rates charged by payday lenders. New Hampshire
imposed 36 percent rate caps for both payday and car title loans. The
Arkansas Supreme Court ruled that payday lending violated the state’s
constitutional usury ceiling and the Attorney General shut down payday
lending. This year, Maryland closed a loophole to prevent online payday
lenders from evading that state’s small loan protections.
“Now more than ever, consumers are finding it hard to make ends
meet,” said Leah Plunkett, National Consumer Law Center. “States must
vigorously exercise their historic responsibility to protect consumers
from falling prey to abusive practices if they take out small dollar
loans. Predatory loans do consumers more harm than good. Many states
have risen to the challenge. States that fail to enact and enforce
reasonable rate caps permit both consumers and the economy to be
A copy of the Scorecard can be found online at:
A copy of the Statutory Backup can be found online at: http://admin.consumerfed.org/elements/www.consumerfed.org/File/Updated%20Scorecard%20backup%205-12-10%20FINAL.pdf