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Burma: Make Ban's Visit Meaningful

UN Leader Should Stand Firm on Prisoners, Election, Political Dialogue, Minorities


United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during his trip to
Burma should press the ruling generals to publicly commit to the
release of all political prisoners and to engage in a dialogue with the
opposition that leads to genuine political reforms, Human Rights Watch
said today. Ban should not accept the return of opposition leader Aung
San Suu Kyi to house arrest or vague statements about political reform
as signs of a successful visit.

Ban arrives in Burma on July 3, 2009, the same day that Aung San Suu
Kyi's trial on politically motivated charges is set to resume. Speaking
from Tokyo on July 1, Ban rightly noted that three of most important
benchmarks are the release of all political prisoners, the immediate
resumption of national reconciliation dialogue between Burma's military
government and opposition leaders, and the creation of conditions for
credible elections "which needs to be taken next year in a most
objective, transparent and democratic manner."

"Ban Ki-moon has offered Burma's generals a roadmap to ending their
international isolation," said Kenneth Roth, executive director of
Human Rights Watch. "He should make it clear that the time for stalling
and playing games is over and that real change is needed now."

Human Rights Watch said that human rights conditions in Burma are
deteriorating. Arbitrary arrests, intimidation, and mistreatment of
political activists have intensified. In the last two years, the number
of political prisoners has doubled to 2,100. Armed attacks on ethnic
minority populations continue to lead to large-scale displacement.
Basic freedoms of expression, association, and assembly remain almost

Ban has recognized Aung San Suu Kyi as an "essential partner" in
political reforms and called her recent detention and trial "completely
unacceptable." She was transferred from house arrest to prison on
politically motivated charges in mid-May. She has spent more than 14 of
the past 20 years under house arrest.

Other human rights defenders in prison include labor activist Su Su
Nway, former student leader Min Ko Naing, and activist monk U Gambira.
The military government has also unfairly tried and imprisoned at least
21 community aid workers who sought to help survivors of Cyclone
Nargis, including Burma's most famous comedian, Zargana, who received a
35-year sentence, reduced from 59 years.

"Time and again, the UN has politely requested Aung San Suu Kyi's
release, but her 'release' back to house arrest would be a huge
failure," said Roth. "Secretary-General Ban's last visit followed
Cyclone Nargis, yet the aid workers, including the comedian Zargana,
who were jailed for criticizing the government's handling of the
crisis, are still not free."

Burma's military government has announced elections for 2010 as the
next step in a sham political process that has dragged on for more than
15 years. Yet under current conditions credible elections are
impossible, as many opposition leaders are in prison, many offices of
Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy have been forcibly
closed, and freedoms of expression, assembly, and association have been
sharply curtailed.

Human Rights Watch said that Ban should press the military
government to lift immediately the restrictions on freedom of
expression, assembly, and association in order for there to be any
possibility that the 2010 elections could be considered credible. He
should insist on a genuine process in which all political parties and
ethnic groups can freely participate.

Human Rights Watch also urged Ban to express deep concern about
rising ethnic tensions in border areas in the lead-up to the elections
and to remind the government firmly of its responsibility to respect
international human rights and humanitarian law. In recent weeks,
Burmese military offensives have driven more than 4,000 ethnic Karen
civilians into neighboring Thailand. Increasing tensions between the
Burmese army and armed ethnic groups are evidence of the overall
failure of the national reform process.

The Burmese government should make a public commitment to end the
continued persecution of Burma's ethnic Rohingya Muslim minority, whose
members the government has long refused to recognize as Burmese

The UN's recent efforts at mediation between the government and the
National League for Democracy have not produced any concrete results.
Ibrahim Gambari, the current special adviser on Burma for the UN
secretary-general, has visited Burma several times, and his most recent
trip was to organize Ban's visit.

"There is a real danger that Burma's generals will try to use Ban's
visit to legitimize the 2010 elections," said Roth. "If no commitments
for reform are made, Ban should clearly and publicly state that a
process that mocks the very idea of fundamental freedoms and democracy
will have no legitimacy. His voice could be a real call to action for
the UN Security Council and regional bodies that have thus far failed
the Burmese people."

Human Rights Watch is one of the world's leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights. By focusing international attention where human rights are violated, we give voice to the oppressed and hold oppressors accountable for their crimes. Our rigorous, objective investigations and strategic, targeted advocacy build intense pressure for action and raise the cost of human rights abuse. For 30 years, Human Rights Watch has worked tenaciously to lay the legal and moral groundwork for deep-rooted change and has fought to bring greater justice and security to people around the world.