Jul 06, 2022
Senate Democrats, including serial obstructionist Joe Manchin of West Virginia, have reportedly reached a deal on a plan that would allow Medicare to negotiate the prices of a small subset of prescription drugs directly with pharmaceutical companies, a change that is massively popular with voters across party lines.
"Already this year, drug corporations have raised the price of over 800 prescription medicines by more than 5%."
On Wednesday, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) submitted 190 pages of legislative text to the chamber's parliamentarian, an unelected official tasked with opining on whether bill provisions comply with the arcane rules of budget reconciliation--the process Democrats are using to evade GOP opposition and the 60-vote filibuster rule.
The new text is in some ways weaker than the drug pricing plan that the House of Representatives passed in November as part of the broader Build Back Better package, which Manchin tanked just a month later. One critical difference, as Reuterspoints out, is that the new prices negotiated by Medicare under the updated Democratic framework "would not apply to people with private health insurance."
"It would allow the government to negotiate the price of up to 20 drugs, rather than the 250 drugs progressives had sought," the outlet added.
Over the past several weeks, Schumer and Manchin have been engaged in talks to revive certain elements of the Build Back Better package, a centerpiece of President Joe Biden's domestic agenda. Any new bill, which would include the prescription drug proposal, is expected to be far smaller than the $1.75 trillion package that House Democrats approved last year.
In its current form, Senate Democrats' drug pricing plan would cap Medicare Part D enrollees' out-of-pocket prescription medicine costs at $2,000 a year, penalize drug companies that raise prices at a faster rate than inflation, and allow Medicare to "negotiate and, if applicable, renegotiate maximum fair prices" for a limited number of costly drugs beginning in 2023.
The pharmaceutical industry, whose Capitol Hill lobbyists outnumber members of Congress, has aggressively fought such changes as it continues to push up prices for lifesaving medicines. A study published last month in the medical journal JAMA estimated that nearly half of all new brand-name prescription medicines launched in the U.S. in 2020 and 2021 came with an original annual price tag of $150,000 or more.
In late May, Manchin tweeted that he supports "allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices," prompting Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) to respond:
\u201cSen. Manchin is right. Let\u2019s cut drug prices in half by strengthening the provision in the House-passed Build Back Better legislation to allow Medicare to negotiate drug prices like the VA has done for years, and pass the whole package with 50 votes next week. It's time to vote.\u201d— Bernie Sanders (@Bernie Sanders) 1654109795
Following reports last week that Senate Democrats had reached a tentative deal on a proposal to rein in prescription drug prices--which are significantly higher in the U.S. than in other wealthy countries--Margarida Jorge of Lower Drug Prices Now said in a statement that "this is a once-in-a-generation chance for Democrats to finally deliver on their promises to lower drug prices."
"Already this year, drug corporations have raised the price of over 800 prescription medicines by more than 5%. And more increases are expected," said Jorge. "Under our current broken system, Americans pay more than twice as much for the same drugs as people in most other countries."
"This compromise will lower prices, cut costs, and stop the drug corporations from raising their prices faster than the rate of inflation," Jorge added. "We applaud Senate Democrats for advancing this vital piece of legislation one more step and encourage them to get it over the finish line without delay. The American people can not afford to wait any longer for affordable medicines to take care of themselves and their families."
This story has been updated with additional details on the plan.
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