Hours before Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida was to mark the one-year anniversary of its deadly shooting, gun control groups applauded as major gun control legislation was advanced to the House floor for the first time in years—the latest stride in a renewed push for meaningful reform which has been led largely by Parkland survivors.
The House Judiciary Committee voted 21 to 14, along party lines, to send the Bipartisan Background Checks Act (H.R. 8) to the House Wednesday night after nine hours of debate. The bill would require background checks for all gun sales in the U.S. The committee also passed a bill to close a loophole in the current, weaker background checks law that allows a gun purchase to move ahead if the check is not conducted within three days.
Along with the Judiciary Committee's hearing last week—the first on gun control in more than a decade—the votes were the first significant anti-gun actions taken by the Democratic Party since it won control of the House in November.
Elections have consequences. As a result of the last election, we will begin the process of reducing 40,000 gun deaths per year. Thank you for your leadership @RepJerryNadler and members of the House Judiciary Committee. https://t.co/lGsDatzfHi— Fred Guttenberg (@fred_guttenberg) February 14, 2019
BREAKING: The Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2019, or #HR8, just passed out of the House Judiciary Committee. This historic moment marks the first time in decades that major gun violence prevention legislation has passed out of the House Judiciary Committee. pic.twitter.com/JDWBk0z4fi— Moms Demand Action (@MomsDemand) February 14, 2019
Members of the national gun control group Moms Demand Action looked on as the committee debated the bill, with Democrats shooting down Republican attempts to amend the legislation and adjourn the debate.
After more than ten hours of markup, when the House Judiciary Committee finally passed the first federal gun violence prevention legislation out of committee in decades, it comes as no surprise that this is who was in the chamber. Thank you, @MomsDemand.— Everytown (@Everytown) February 14, 2019
The bill is expected to pass in the House, with at least five Republicans expected to vote with Democrats in favor of the legislation. It has virtually no chance of passing in the GOP-controlled Senate, but advocates celebrated its advancement to the House as the latest sign that students who turned to activism after surviving the Parkland shooting, which killed 17 people and injured 17 more, have made a difference in the United States' gun control debate.
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The power of advocacy & the strength of survivors, has led us to this point. Universal background checks on all gun sales will help keep our schools, movie theaters, homes, & places of worship safe. With #HR8 the House has moved us one step closer to #EndGunViolence.— Richard Blumenthal (@SenBlumenthal) February 14, 2019
In the year since Parkland:— Giffords (@GiffordsCourage) February 12, 2019
67 gun safety laws passed
40 gun lobby allies in Congress defeated
Gun safety majority elected to the House
First House hearing on gun violence in a decade
Now, let’s pass universal background checks. #HR8 https://t.co/ktcWN4rgrd
The aftermath of the Parkland shooting was marked by the immediate activism of students including David Hogg and Emma Gonzalez, who set to work directly confronting members of Congress to demand that they stop taking donations from the NRA and other pro-gun groups; organizing nationwide student walkouts and the largest single-day protest in Washington, D.C. history, with an estimated 800,000 people joining the March for Our Lives; and organizing a nationwide push to register young people to vote—helping to bring about a historic surge in youth voter turnout and the election of vocally pro-gun control Democrats across the country.
"It remains to be seen whether the shift on guns will hold in the coming years. But if it does, it would amount to a significant change in America's politics—one that can be pinpointed back to Parkland." —German Lopez, Vox.comThe momentum the students caused also helped push gun control reforms at the state level, with 26 states passing a total of 67 gun control measures.
Eight states and Washington, D.C. passed red flag laws over the past year, enabling law enforcement agencies to take firearms away from those who pose a threat to themselves or others, while nine states passed funding for gun violence prevention programs to help prevent shootings that take place every day in U.S. cities.
"Beyond 2019, the midterm elections showed that candidates can support stronger gun laws—and even focus a campaign on the issue—and still win elections, even in states that have been resistant to stronger gun laws in the past," wrote German Lopez at Vox.com in December. "This is a shift: Since 1994, when stricter gun laws were partly blamed for electoral losses, Democrats have often shied away from the issue."
"It remains to be seen whether the shift on guns will hold in the coming years," he added. "But if it does, it would amount to a significant change in America's politics—one that can be pinpointed back to Parkland."