The fossil fuel industry is bracing for what one news outlet called \u0022a potentially massive political shift to the left,\u0022 as voters in Alberta—also known as Ground Zero for Canadian tar sands—head to the polls on Tuesday.Surveys in advance of the provincial election showed the left-leaning New Democrat Party (NDP), led by former union activist and lawyer Rachel Notley, leading both the right-wing Wildrose party as well as the Progressive Conservatives, or Tories, who have ruled Alberta for more than 40 years.\u0022Now that the campaign is almost over, it appears the NDP are headed for a truly historic victory, almost as historic as the rout the 40-year Alberta Tory dynasty appears to face,\u0022 said Forum Research president Lorne Bozinoff, whose firm conducted one recent poll.Should such predictions come to pass, Alberta\u0026#039;s tar sands sector could face higher taxes and a loss of support for major pipeline projects.According to Reuters, Notley \u0022says she would not lobby on behalf of TransCanada Corp\u0026#039;s controversial Keystone XL pipeline or support building of Enbridge Inc\u0026#039;s Northern Gateway pipeline to link the province\u0026#039;s oil sands with a Pacific port in British Columbia.\u0022In addition, the Globe and Mail reports, \u0022The NDP has said it would hike the corporate tax rate to 12 per cent from 10 per cent, a move the Tories resisted in their March budget. The New Democrats said companies should pay more to make sure health care and education are not underfunded.\u0022And the New Democrats have called for a full review of royalty payments made by oil and gas corporations to the province, in order to ensure \u0022a full and fair return to the people of Alberta for their energy resources.\u0022The issue of royalties is Alberta\u0026#039;s \u0022most politically volatile energy issue,\u0022 according to the Globe and Mail, and is likely to be a major factor in the results of Tuesday\u0026#039;s election.As Ricochet co-founder and editor Derrick O\u0026#039;Keefe wrote in an op-ed published Monday, current provincial premier Jim Prentice \u0022is struggling in the polls because the whole economic set-up of his ancien regime has been exposed as a disaster. While Big Oil extracted massive profits, the weak royalty regime left the province totally vulnerable. When the price of oil cratered, Alberta found itself with a $5-billion deficit.\u0022Unsurprisingly, Big Oil\u0026#039;s resistance to the NDP has been robust.Bloomberg reports:Executives have expressed their own concerns about the NDP’s plans. Cenovus Energy Inc. Chief Executive Officer Brian Ferguson last week said there wasn’t \u0022any room\u0022 to raise the government’s take of oil production, pointing to his company’s first-quarter loss.\u0022Right now, the energy industry’s got more than enough problems,\u0022 John Stephenson, president of Stephenson \u0026amp; Co. Capital Management in Toronto, told the Globe and Mail. \u0022A government that isn\u0026#039;t sensitive to that and sees pockets of cash that can be raided is probably not the right thing for resource development.\u0022Results will be tabulated after polls close at 8pm local time.