WASHINGTON - US
legislators have accused BP of evasion, complacency, ducking
responsibility and cutting corners as they grilled the energy giant's
chief executive over his handling of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
During six hours of hearings in Washington on Thursday Tony Hayward,
BP's CEO, faced a stream of hostile questions during his appearance
before of panel of US congressman.
on the panel accused BP of ignoring warnings from contractors and their
own employees, choosing faster and cheaper drilling options that
increased the danger of the well rupturing.
Hayward repeatedly sidestepped questions and offered no answers as
to what caused the rig explosion behind the worst oil spill in US
it was too early to draw conclusions about what caused the leak, but
said he was "deeply sorry" and that BP would "not rest" until the oil
had been cleaned up.
"The explosion and fire aboard the Deepwater Horizon and the
resulting oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico never should have happened,
and I am deeply sorry that it did," Hayward said, vowing to learn the
lessons of such a "terrible event".
But several members of the congressional panel grew visibly annoyed
by Hayward's answers to their questions, saying they were less
interested in hearing his apologies than in getting answers to what
went wrong and why.
Henry Waxman, a Democratic representative, told Hayward that BP had
shown "astonishing complacency" regarding safety warnings over the
drilling platform which exploded on April 20 killing 11 workers and
unleashing the worst oil spill in US history.
Since then millions of litres of crude from the ruptured well have
gushed into the ocean every day, with thick black oil choking large
swaths of vulnerable coastline, threatening multi-billion dollar
fishing and tourism industries and killing birds and marine life.
"Under your leadership BP has taken the most extreme risks," Waxman said.
"BP cut corner after corner to save a million dollars here and a few hours or days there."
Hayward repeatedly declined to go into detail pending the results of
investigations into the spill, leading Waxman to snap back: "You are
not taking responsibility. You are kicking the can down the road."
The committee members said BP had ignored warnings from contractors
and their own employees and chose faster and cheaper drilling options
that increased the danger of the well rupturing.
They became increasingly irritated as Hayward side stepped a series
of questions on whether he bore any personal responsibility for a
series of controversial decisions by saying he was not involved in
"I wasn't involved in any decision
making," on issues like how to drill, test, or secure the well, said
Hayward, who drew a charge from Waxman that he was "stonewalling" the
Hayward, flanked by aides and surrounded by a small army of US
Capitol police, walked into the room of the House Energy and Commerce
Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations minutes before his 10:00am
(1400 GMT) questioning began on Thursday.
But his opening statement, in which he said he was "deeply sorry"
for the spill, was interrupted by a female protester with her hands
"You need to be charged with a crime, Tony. You need to go to jail,"
the protester, later identified as Diane Wilson, shouted before being
hustled out of the chamber by police.
A day earlier following talks with Barack Obama, the US president,
Hayward had agreed to set up a $20bn fund for spill-related damage
claims, suspend BP's dividend for the rest of the year and sell off
assets to cover the company's costs.
In his testimony on Thursday, Hayward said: "We said all along that we would pay these costs.
"And now the American people can be confident that our word is good."
"We're a strong company and no resources will be spared. We and the
entire industry will learn from this terrible event and emerge
stronger, smarter and safer."
Waxman commended Hayward for agreeing to establish the $20bn fund,
but wasted no time in slamming BP, saying safety warnings had fallen on
The Californian politician told him
there was no evidence of any top BP officials being briefed on possible
safety issues at the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling platform
before the blast that sparked the disaster.
However, Waxman pointed to a series of warnings about what one engineer dubbed "a nightmare well" before the explosion.
"You were brought in to make safety the top priority of BP. But under your leadership, BP has taken the most extreme risks."
Hayward said: "I want to acknowledge the questions that you and the
public are rightly asking. We don't yet have all the answers to these
"But I hear and understand the concerns, frustrations and anger being voiced across the country."
Executives from several other oil companies were seen to be critical
of BP in congressional hearings earlier this week, portraying
themselves as a cut above the London-based firm in terms of safety
practices and operational standards.
But in his testimony Hayward tried to widen the circle of blame,
rebuffing those claims and saying the entire industry needs to improve.
In prepared testimony he said it was too early to understand the
cause of the "complex accident", adding that "a number of companies are
involved, including BP," in the disaster.
Nick Spicer, Al Jazeera's correspondent in Washington, said that
while the BP boss had acknowledged responsibility for the oil spill he
had been very keen on pointing out the involvement of other companies.
"So in the weeks and months to come, as there are more and more
lawsuits, BP, despite having agreed to set up a $20bn fund ... will be
perhaps hoping to avoid paying all of the money that will be paid out,
and perhaps hoping to share some of the blame and some of the financial
pain," our correspondent said.