If Only Information Flowed as Freely as Oil

"Deep Spill 2" sounds like a sequel to a Hollywood thriller.

Unfortunately, it is more of a reality
show. "Deep Spill 2" is the name of an ambitious series of proposed
scientific experiments that should be happening right now. Scientists
from around the globe are ready, literally, to dive in to understand
what is happening with the oil and gas that are spewing into the Gulf
of Mexico with the force of a volcano.

There is one problem, though: BP won't let them.

Ira Leifer is a scientist on the
government-appointed Flow Rate Technical Group and a researcher in the
Marine Science Institute at the University of California, Santa
Barbara. He organized a team of scientists to develop intensive study
of the Deepwater Horizon oil gusher, since so little is known about how
oil and gas behave underwater, especially at the depths and
temperatures one mile below the surface. The group of scientists
presented the plan to BP, which ignored them, then to Rep. Ed Markey,
D-Mass., of the House Energy and Commerce Committee. Markey wrote to BP
on June 10:

"My understanding is that BP has not yet
responded to Dr. Leifer's request to make direct flow measurement. ...
I request that you provide whatever budget and ROV [robotic vehicle]
access is needed to allow these scientists to deploy their measurement

A month later, Dr. Leifer told me: "We have heard nothing from BP. ...
Other scientists I know who are doing and trying to do research find
themselves blocked at every turn from actually learning what we need to
know so we can address this spill safely."

Ten years ago, scientists conducted "Deep
Spill 1," a limited, 750-barrel controlled release off the coast of
Norway, to study deep-sea oil spill phenomena. The lack of scientific
knowledge of deep-water oil disasters allows BP officials like Tony
Hayward to pronounce, as he did in late May, that "The oil is on the
surface. ... There aren't any plumes."

So, while BP scientists, executives and
public relations experts produce sound bites with their own fake "news
teams," the world's leading experts are being shut out by BP itself.

Also shut out in the BP Gulf disaster are
the media. The Coast Guard has announced new rules keeping the public,
including photographers and reporters covering the spill, from coming
within 65 feet of any response vessels or booms on the water or on
beaches. Violators could face a fine of up to $40,000 and felony
charges. In order to get within the 65-foot limit, media must get
direct permission from the Coast Guard captain of the Port of New

The 65-foot limit follows the rule
requiring overhead flights with media to stay above 3,000 feet. Just
like the Bush administration barring photographs of flag-draped
coffins, the Obama administration seems to be colluding with BP to
limit the images of the disaster. With current rules, and with
photographers potentially facing felony charges, you can expect far
fewer photos and videos of oil-soaked pelicans and dying sea turtles.
You probably likely see fewer overhead close-ups showing how woefully
inadequate the cleanup is, as 4 million gallons of oil jet into the
Gulf every day.

Stories of denial of media access
accumulate like tar balls on the beach (which have now made their way
into Louisiana's Lake Pontchartrain and to beaches in Texas). "PBS
NewsHour" reporters were repeatedly denied access to a Department of
Health and Human Services "National Disaster Medical System" trailer,
ringed with barbed wire. A "CBS Evening News" crew on a boat was
accosted by another boat with five BP contractors and two U.S. Coast
Guard members, and denied access to an oil-drenched beach.

Dr. Leifer sees reporting as an essential part of the overall process:

"Reporters having access is part of the
learning process as a society so that when there are accidents in the
future, we actually can respond intelligently and not with a lot of
unknown assumptions."

If only BP and the federal government
allowed information to flow as freely as the oil, we might well be on
the road to dealing with this catastrophe.

Denis Moynihan contributed research to this column.

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