The Historic Cost of the State of the Union: Mr. President, Welcome to the Saudi Arabia of Coal

While President Obama addresses the US Congress in his historic
State of the Union tonight, our nation will sit back and burn an
estimated 115,000 tons of coal. Close to 250,000 tons of CO2 will be
released from coal-fired plants during the hourlong presentation;
hundreds of pounds of toxic mercury emissions will enter our air, and
inevitably, into the lives of our children.

As we watch the President on our televisions and computer screens
generated by coal-fired electricity, arsenic from coal ash, along with
boron, selenium and lead, will quietly seep into our watersheds.
Drawing from American Lung Association estimates, three American
citizens will die prematurely during the State of the Union due to
illnesses related to coal-fired plant pollution; three coal miners will
also die today from black lung disease. Millions of tax dollars will be
allocated in this single hour to cover the external health care and
environmental costs of coal.

And the deadly myth of the Saudi Arabia of coal will burn on.

While I admire the President's commitment to tackling climate change
legislation, and while I will applaud the President's indisputable
support for clean energy investment in his address tonight--wind power
surged 39% last year, thanks largely to stimulus spending--one
lingering truth will burn like hot peacocky Btu's tonight: The historic
burden of coal on our nation will continue with its unremitting human
rights and environmental violations until President Obama declares an
an end to coal, as we know it.

End coal now? Of course not. Roughly 42-45 percent of our nation's electricity comes from coal-fired plants--including the Pepso grid and four power plants in the Washington, DC area, which run on coal stripmined from law-breaking mountaintop removal operations in Appalachia.

But, until we rank the ignominious history of the coal industry
alongside the machinations of the tobacco industry, and commit to a
roadmap of withdrawal from our deadly addiction, any meaningful
progress for a sustainable energy policy will be blindsided.

Every day (and tax dollar) we expend into mitigating the colossal
external costs of coal, and into the new bridge to nowhere for carbon
capture and storage technologies--which every single energy expert
agrees will increase coal production--we take a step backwards into the
darkest chapter of history.

(I write now as a cultural historian, and the grandson of a union
coal miner who barely survived a cave-in, and suffered from black lung
disease; and, as someone who has not only chronicled the two centuries
of economic despair and displacement in the coalfields, but witnessed
the destruction of his family's nearly 200-year-old historic homestead
and waterways on the edge of a federally recognized Wilderness Area
from stripmining in Illinois.)

When George Washington addressed the US Congress in the first State
of the Union in 1790, hundreds of black slaves toiled like human
bulldozers, chains "fastened by straps around his breast, which he
hooks to the corve, and thus harnessed, and in a stooping posture, he
drags his heavy load over the floor of rock." The death toll of slaves
in the coal mines for over a century was horrific.

And yet, the energy demands--and economic development and
profits--of our growing nation outweighed Washington's call for the US
Congress to apply some foresight to the future welfare of American
citizens. As early as 1790, a Philadelphia newspaper lamented: "The
increasing scarcity and dearness of firewood indicates the absolute
necessity of attending in the future to the coal mines of this country."

Even in the land of Lincoln, and Obama, the US Congress allowed
Illinois to insert a loophole in the state's 1818 constitution for
legal slavery in the salt wells and adjacent coal mines.

Yes, Virginia, Illinois was a slave state.

Recognizing that more than one-third of the state's tax revenues
came from the salt wells fueled by coal mining, the anti-slavery
advocates capitulated to the demands of the slave-owning companies. In
essence, the inalienable rights of man in other free states came in a
distant second to the power of the tax revenues for Illinois's

This deceptive argument of economic gain and necessity from coal has been saddled to our energy policies for 200 years.

Since President Obama first visited my native region of southern
Illinois in 1997 as a young legislator from Chicago, he has embraced
the myth of the Saudi Arabia of Coal--where coal remains the merciless
king, and the land and its residents defend themselves against the
daily onslaught of the monarch's extraction for more wealth.

In truth, the coal industry in Illinois, the Saudi Arabia of coal,
peaked in 1918, and while little spurts of demand took place during the
Second World War, the mines have never altered from its downward slope
of boom-bust mayhem. Over 100,000 miners produced more than 100 million
tons in the early 1920s; a little more than 3,000 miners barely churn
out 30 million tons today.

By the 1930s, according to the government report "Seven Stranded
Coal Towns," the same Chicago and absentee coal companies that bought
up all the mineral rights in 1905 had abandoned the region and left a
picture of "almost unrelieved, utter economic devastation." As one of
the most depressed and vulnerable places in the country, the southern
Illinois coalfields had been given over to "hopeless poverty."

Still today, our region--like all coalfield areas in Appalachia and
the West--has been relegated to the vassal status of a
supply-and-demand extraction colony subject to the whims of the market.

Out of the 1,300 mines that had been opened in the state, less than
25 remained by the end of the twentieth century, leaving the federal
and state governments with a bill for billions of dollars to clean up
the dangerous sites and toxic waste seeping into the region's
watersheds. Thousands of fertile farmland acres and lush Shawnee
forests have been strip-mined and left to the unmanaged spoils of
weeds, foreign grasses, and sterile creeks. Cancer and health problems

Our coal miners, too, have been abandoned: Our town squares and
schools are boarded up; their hard-earned property values were wiped
out. Over 10,000 coal miners have died this decade from black lung
disease, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety
and Health study. The bill for this cleanup program, too, has cost the
taxpayers billions of dollars.

Here in the heartland of the nation's first labor battleground that
created the earliest mining unions, every mining safety law has been
assembled from the fractured bones and lost lives of the coal miners
and their families. In the Saudi Arabia of coal, miners have been as
expendable as the tree lines that stood in the way of the bulldozer.

Ever since Francis Peabody started to peddle our "smoke-free clean
coal" in the 1890s in Chicago, the "clean coal" slogan has been trotted
out as the standard response to any questionable element in the
industry, whether it was in the mining, processing, burning, or storage
of coal-fired ash and coal-fired emissions.

Here in the Saudi Arabia of coal, we hope our nation will learn and
recognize our history, and act on it, as George Washington declared in
his first State of the Union: "By convincing those who are intrusted
with the public administration that every valuable end of government is
best answered by the enlightened confidence of the people, and by
teaching the people themselves to know and to value their own rights;
to discern and provide against invasions of them; to distinguish
between oppression and the necessary exercise of lawful authority;
between burdens proceeding from a disregard to their convenience and
those resulting from the inevitable exigencies of society."

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