For Immediate Release
Petition Filed to Increase Protection of Gulf of Mexico Fisheries Devastated by Rushed Oil-Drilling Permits
SAN FRANCISCO - The Center for Biological Diversity
filed a legal petition
today urging the Bureau of Ocean Energy (formerly the Minerals
Service) and National Marine Fisheries Service to increase conservation
for essential fish habitat in the Gulf of Mexico. The agencies have
adequately analyze oil and gas activities that hurt habitat for fish and
therefore the health of crucial fisheries - a violation of the
Fishery Conservation and Management Act.
"Efforts to streamline oil-drilling
resulted in important fish conservation requirements falling through the
cracks," said Miyoko Sakashita, oceans director at the Center. "Now
and Gulf fishing communities are paying a terrible price."
Congress passed a law in 1996 designed to
both fish and fishermen, yet the Minerals Management Service approved
drilling in the Gulf with only superficial attention to this law, with
disastrous consequences. Recognizing that habitat destruction is one of
greatest threats to fisheries, the law requires federal agencies to
the Fisheries Service before authorizing actions that hurt essential
habitat - waters and substrate necessary for spawning, breeding, feeding
growth to maturity.
"Most federal agencies treat fish habitat
consultations as a paper exercise rather than using the process to
protect fish habitat," said Sakashita. "The Gulf of Mexico is a tragic
of that failure."
Offshore drilling has proceeded with very
attention to its impacts on fish and fisheries despite the Fisheries
2009 recommendation that "[t]he impacts of all exploratory and
activities on the fisheries resources should be determined prior to MMS
of any applications for permits to drill, including effects of seismic
signals on fish behavior, eggs and larvae." The Minerals Management
concluded that a subsurface blowout would have negligible effect on the
fish resources. The Center's petition seeks replacement of false and
statements like this with meaningful analysis of, and protections from,
adverse effects of oil and gas activities on essential fish habitat.
Fishing is one of the most important
the Gulf of Mexico. Recreational fishers in the Gulf take more than 20
fishing trips annually, and in 2008 commercial fishermen harvested 1.27
pounds of finfish and shellfish, earning $659 million in revenue. The
Mexico provides important spawning ground and year-round habitat for
species, including sharks, shrimp and coral. It is one of the only known
spawning grounds for Atlantic bluefin tuna, which the Center petitioned
listing under the Endangered Species Act last month. The Deepwater
oil spill's effects on these fish and the Gulf's fisheries will last
many years or decades.
Get the latest on the Gulf oil spill on
Gulf Disaster website,
At the Center for Biological Diversity, we believe that the welfare of human beings is deeply linked to nature - to the existence in our world of a vast diversity of wild animals and plants. Because diversity has intrinsic value, and because its loss impoverishes society, we work to secure a future for all species, great and small, hovering on the brink of extinction. We do so through science, law, and creative media, with a focus on protecting the lands, waters, and climate that species need to survive.