The same day a second Cook County Jail inmate died after testing positive for the coronavirus, a federal judge denied detainees' request for emergency release from the disease hotspot.
The Chicago jail is largest-known source of COVID-19 infections in the nation, the New York Times reported Wednesday. As of Thursday, 276 inmates and 172 Sheriff's Office staff had tested positive for the disease.
The ruling from U.S. District Judge Matthew F. Kennell, said lawyers for the inmates, fell far short of the remedy they'd asked for, which included the release of inmates medically vulnerable to COVID-19.
"We are disappointed that there has been no order for further releases from Cook County Jail. Leaving people incarcerated in Cook County Jail during this public health crisis is effectively leaving them to die. If we the county does not decarcerate quickly, more people will die," said Sharlyn Grace, executive director of Chicago Community Bond Fund, one of the groups that helped file the class-action lawsuit against the Cook County Sheriff's Office.
Judge Kennell granted part of the lawyers' requests, ordering the sheriff to:
- provide face masks to all detainees who are quarantined;
- provide sufficient quantities of hand sanitizer and/or soap;
- establish a sanitation policy for staff to regularly clean frequently touched surfaces;
- ensure social distancing during the intake process; and
- establish a policy for "prompt" coronavirus testing of those detainees with symptoms or who have been exposed to a detainee exhibiting symptoms.
The inmates' advocates welcomed those orders to Sheriff Thomas Dart as "an important first step."
Cook County Jail is the nation's largest #COVID19 hotspot. Today's ruling requires rapid testing & additional social distancing/sanitary measures to protect the safety of pretrial detainees.— MacArthur Justice Center (@MacArthrJustice) April 10, 2020
This is an important first step & we will continue to monitor conditions on the ground. pic.twitter.com/cwv2AyDqDx
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Sheriff Dart claimed the jail was already implementing those measures, save the requirement of face masks. "But if the judge is going to order us to do that then we'll to have to do that," he said. "We're just going to have to see where we can find the medical masks."
Sarah Grady, an attorney with the Chicago-based civil rights law firm Loevy and Loevy, said it's clear more must be done to protect the constitutional rights of the inmates.
"The court's order is a significant first step to protecting the rights and well being of people at the jail which is in the midst of a crisis. But this is only the first step and we will continue to work to protect those who are vulnerable in the jail as the lawsuit continues," she said.
Fifty-nine-year-old Jeffery Pendleton on Sunday became the first Cook County Jail inmate to die from COVID-19 complications. Fifty-one-year-old Leslie Pieroni on Thursday died after testing positive for COVID-19.
Civil rights advocates fear Pendleton and Pieroni's COVID-19-related deaths won't be the last at the jail as the pandemic continues to rage.
"Nearly 1,000 of these people are incarcerated only because they can't afford to pay their bond," added Chicago Community Bond Fund's Grace. "The size of someone's bank account shouldn't determine whether or not they survive this pandemic."