A brutal police crackdown on student protests in India over the latest legislation aimed at curtailing the rights of the country's 200 million-strong Muslim majority have observers concerned over a possible escalation in state repression in the world's largest democracy.
The police response to the protests reportedly claimed the lives of at least five demonstrators around the country in the past week.
"We are faced with the biggest challenge since independence," Indian writer and activist Arundhati Roy said. "Stand up. Please. Stand up."
Fascists in India trying to set students against each other -— John Cusack (@johncusack) December 16, 2019
To cover for the economic collapse of demonetization
but they are standing together in solidarity with their Muslim brothers & sisters -
This is fascism everywhere- them or us
Arundhati Roy pic.twitter.com/rTgF5CWF2G”
As Common Dreams reported on December 10, the passage of the Citizenship Amendment Bill on December 9 is just the latest move by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's extremist right-wing government to codify Hindu supremacy across the nominally secular nation of 1.3 billion people.
Modi, whose ruling government has already set up internment camps for religious minorities in the northeastern state of Assam, is being blamed for the violence against protesters.
"Modi's use of violence against minorities and dissenters in India is an affront to democratic values," tweeted journalist Ash Sarkar. "It is fascistic."
Police assaulted demonstrators New Delhi's Muslim-majority Jamia Millia Islamia University Sunday, The New York Times reported:
Videos widely circulated on social media show officers beating students with wooden sticks, smashing some on their heads even after they had been knocked down. In one video, a group of female students tries to rescue a young man from the grasp of the police. A squad of officers in riot gear tears him away and knocks him down with heavy blows. Even after the women form a protective circle around the downed student, officers can be seen trying to jab the young man with their wooden poles.
"Students were running around to save their lives," one woman at the protest told the press. "Is this democracy? Where are we living?"
Video from the demonstrations showed in stark relief the level of brutality of the police response to the student protest.
Just gutted watching this video from AMU sent by a student pic.twitter.com/WyLrsYOvhD— Rana Ayyub (@RanaAyyub) December 15, 2019
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Reportedly 3 #JamiaMilia students have been killed by #Delhi police in #CABProtests. As Muslim students march against #CABBill2019, reports claim police burned buses to create an excuse to enter the campus & are savagely beating students & using tear gas. #CAB2019 pic.twitter.com/fIHLLEBYEf— Pieter Friedrich (@FriedrichPieter) December 15, 2019
Students of MCRC, #JamiaMilia -Srijan Chawla and Bhumika Saraswati describe what they saw last evening. Both the girls say students did not indulge in violence. Spoke to them just now at the ongoing protests against #CitizenshipAmendmentAct #CABProtests pic.twitter.com/xlnUqjEfB6— Shweta Bajaj (@ShwetaBajaj) December 16, 2019
Sociology student Mohammad Faisal, in comment to The Guardian, described a violent scene.
"The policemen entered the library and mosque inside our campus and beat up the students mercilessly who were studying or offering prayer and in no way were connected to the protests yesterday," Faisal said. "Police fired teargas shells inside the library. There was a blind student in the library then. He started crying loudly. Police even beat up that student."
The student demonstrations, and state crackdown, were of concern to journalist Rana Ayyub, who on Sunday posted a picture from the demonstrations to show the bravery of the young protesters.
"These are the protestors who have rattled the Indian democracy," said Ayyub. "These are the students being brutalised for fighting communalism in India."
Students in Delhi holding pictures of Gandhi and Ambedkar. These are the protestors who have rattled the Indian democracy. These are the students being brutalised for fighting communalism in India pic.twitter.com/7gBEu12pfe— Rana Ayyub (@RanaAyyub) December 15, 2019
In a statement, Amnesty International India executive director Avinash Kumar called for security forces to show restraint.
"Amnesty India urges the government of India and state governments to respect the right to dissent by peaceful protesters and review their approach in policing the protests in order to de-escalate the situation and prevent more lives being put at risk," said Kumar. "Police should only use lethal force in response to an imminent threat of death or serious injury, and only as a last resort."
Al Jazeera journalist Sana Saeed on Twitter asked why the protests and state response were not receiving more coverage in western media.
"Thousands have been protesting but where is the media coverage?" wondered Saeed. "The shouts of solidarity from impressed media pundits?"
"Next time," she said, "people in countries which are close U.S. allies should protest in Hong Kong instead."