Oct 25, 2019
The Trump administration was accused of sounding "the death knell for humanitarian trade with Iran" on Friday after the State and Treasury Departments announced new measures targeting the sanctions-hit country.
"Through its action today," said National Iranian American Council (NIAC) president Jamal Abdi, "the administration has made clear that the Iranian people are in the cross-hairs of their ongoing economic war against Iran and that the deliberate targeting of food and medicine to the Iranian people is fair game."
In a press statement, the departments announced two restrictions. The first was a mechanism the administration asserted would "help the international community perform enhanced due diligence on humanitarian trade to ensure that funds associated with permissible trade in support of the Iranian people are not diverted by the Iranian regime to develop ballistic missiles, support terrorism, or finance other malign activities." The second was to assert its authority under Section 311 of the PATRIOT Act and classify Iran as a jurisdiction of primary money laundering concern.
The latter action, said Abdi, "severed what limited remaining ties Iran has to the global financial system."
"Foreign banks have warned the U.S. Treasury Department that Iran's designation under Section 311 will force them to stop processing humanitarian-related transactions in the future," Abdi said. "Yet, the Trump administration has accepted, if not deliberately encouraged, those consequences."
The so-called "humanitarian mechanism" the administration announced demands foreign governments and financial institutions "conduct enhanced due diligence and provide to Treasury a substantial and unprecedented amount of information." Brian Hook, the State Department's Special Envoy to Iran, claimed the "channel will make it easier for foreign governments, financial institutions, and private companies to engage in legitimate humanitarian trade on behalf of the Iranian people while reducing the risk that money ends up in the wrong hands. The U.S. will continue to stand with the Iranian people."
NIAC's Abdi, however, countered that framing.
This "humanitarian channel functions more like a sanctions wall, erecting stringent conditions on foreign bank participation in humanitarian trade with Iran," he said. "Let's be clear: There is unlikely to be a single banker in the world that will accept these conditions and participate in the trade. The Trump administration is surely aware of this fact, and its humanitarian channel should be viewed as nothing more than farce."
"Today's announcement does nothing to alleviate the real challenges sanctions pose to humanitarian trade," Abdi continued, "and in fact add new burdens apparently intended to end the provision of life-saving medicine to Iran."
The new development, Abdi said, "makes the United States the equivalent of human rights violators that similarly target humanitarian goods in order to achieve their political objectives."
Abdi wasn't alone in his criticism, as Laura Rozen reported for Al-Monitor.
Tyler Cullis, an attorney with Ferrari & Associates U.S. economics sanctions, told the outlet the chances of financial institutions being willing to comply with the humanitarian mechanism's required monthly reporting of "enhanced due diligence" were slim.
"Not a single banker in the world will look at that and say, 'yeah, we will do that.' Not a single one," Cullistold Al-Monitor.
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