Unionized teachers, school support staff, and park district employees in Chicago announced Wednesday night that all three labor groups—collectively totaling about 35,000 workers—will strike on Oct. 17 if no contract agreements are reached before then.
"Imagine these three different groups of workers all being on strike together in the city of Chicago. That has the potential of being an extraordinarily disruptive moment."
—Prof. Daniel Gilbert, University of Illinois
The Chicago Teachers Union (CTU) and Service Employees International Union (SEIU) Local 73—representing 7,000 school security guards, bus aides, special education classroom assistants, and custodians as well as about 2,500 Chicago Park District employees—made the joint announcement at CTU headquarters.
The decision came after 94 percent of CTU's 25,000 members, which includes teachers, clinicians, nurses, librarians, paraprofessionals, and school-related personnel, voted last week to authorize a strike, soaring past the 75 percent threshold.
CTU outlined in a statement the working conditions that led to the votes last week and Wednesday, when union delegates unanimously supported striking on Oct. 17:
Elementary schools with classrooms of over 40 children. Teaching assistants who make poverty wages. Desperate shortages of counselors, social workers and school nurses for students struggling with trauma and poverty. Too few teachers for English language learners, in a school district that is nearly half Latinx. Special education students who continue to go without federally mandated educational services and supports. Nine out of ten majority-Black schools with no teacher librarian. And virtually no progress at the bargaining table—after more than nine months of negotiations for a new contract.
Laurie Torres, an elementary school teacher whose own children attend Chicago Public Schools (CPS), said she voted "yes" on Wednesday "for my three children and for all of our schoolchildren."
"If my kids need to see a counselor, they have to wait—because their counselor is covering a classroom instead of counseling. If my child gets hurt on the playground and the school clerk can't help, he goes without medical care," she continued. "As an elementary school teacher, I know that we all need our prep time—because we already don't get enough to grade our papers, call our parents, plan our lessons, or meet CPS' paperwork requirements.
"There's so much more that our students need—and so much that is lacking," Torres added. "If we don't advocate for it, if we don't fight for it, who will?"
Our rank and file members laid it out tonight: what we're fighting for in our schools, and why we'll strike to win what we need for our students.https://t.co/7Rl54NuQB9#FairContractNow #PutItInWriting
— ChicagoTeachersUnion (@CTULocal1) October 3, 2019
"CTU rank and file members are especially outraged that Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot, who campaigned for her office on an education equity platform that closely mirrors the CTU's, has refused to enshrine those promises for educational justice in writing," the teachers union said in a statement.
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When Lightfoot was elected to her first term as mayor in a runoff election in April, CTU and SEIU Local 73 expressed hope that she would "[separate] herself from the dubious interests that funded her campaign, and governs like the progressive she claims to be."
Lightfoot and CPS CEO Janice Jackson said in a joint statement Wednesday that "while we are doing everything in our power to reach a fair deal that prevents a strike, we are fully prepared for a work stoppage." If teachers do strike, they added, "all CPS school buildings will remain open during their normal school hours to ensure students have a safe and welcoming place to spend the day and warm meals to eat."
"The mayor has a difficult choice right now," CTU president Jesse Sharkey told reporters Wednesday night, according to the Chicago Sun-Times. "The mayor can either do what's right at the table, or can face a unified strike of both CTU and SEIU together."
The Sun-Times reported:
SEIU Local 73 president Dian Palmer said the support staff and park district workers are "united with CTU, and we are united with workers who are standing up for themselves."
"One of the first questions that was asked of us is do we do we feel guilty that we will not be there for our children," Palmer said. "But I have a question for the mayor, and I have a question for the people that run the parks and the schools: Do they feel guilty when they pay workers less than $20,000 a year?"
Higher wages, especially for the lowest-paid, part-time employees, have been the biggest issue on the table for SEIU 73 workers.
With previous teachers strikes, some students and parents have turned to the park district to occupy children with activities during school hours, the Chicago Tribune noted in a Wednesday morning report. But if the city's parks shut down because those workers are on the picket lines too, that won't be possible this time.
“We are going on strike because we are tired of being marginalized and ignored,” Jonathan Williams, Special education classroom assistant at Wilma Rudolph Learning Center https://t.co/0H6aE2vC7b #FairContractNow #ChiParksStrike
— SEIU Local 73 (@SEIU73) October 2, 2019
"Imagine these three different groups of workers all being on strike together in the city of Chicago. That has the potential of being an extraordinarily disruptive moment," Daniel Gilbert, an associate professor at the University of Illinois' School of Labor and Employment Relations, told the Tribune. "Anytime there's a strike, the more disruptive and widespread that strike is, the more powerful it can be in terms of having an immediate impact on the employer but also in terms of the public narrative."
The joint union effort could represent "a turbo-boost to each union's bargaining power," said Michael LeRoy, another professor at the university's School of Labor and Employment Relations and College of Law. "This timing also sets up mutual aid strategies for the unions... They can attend each other's rallies, carry banners and signs—in short, they can augment their strength by showing up in greater numbers."