A people-powered energy revolution—an era in which people can produce their own electricity—is possible, and could happen soon, according to a new report released Monday by the environmental group Friends of the Earth Europe (FOEE).
The report, The Potential of Energy Citizens in the European Union (pdf), finds that over half the residents of the E.U. could be generating their own renewable electricity by 2050. That's 264 million "energy citizens" meeting 45 percent of the region's energy demand through a democratized, citizen-owned system that allows people to be the operators of their own utilities—taking power away, in more ways than one, from a market monopolized by large corporations.
"[P]eople have the power to revolutionize Europe's energy system, reclaiming power from big energy companies, and putting the planet first. We need to enshrine the right for people to produce their own renewable energy in European and national legislation," said Molly Walsh, FOEE community power campaigner.
The report also found that overall, 83 percent of European households, whether individually or as part of a utility collective, have the potential to help create, store, or help provide renewable energy.
The researchers analyzed the potential for renewable energy generation, storage, and distribution for different categories of "energy citizens"—households generating energy individually; households producing energy collectively as part of a co-op or association; public entities such as schools, hospitals, and government buildings; and small enterprises with less than 50 people on staff. The sources of renewable energy analyzed in the report included on- and off-shore wind farms, solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, stationary batteries, and electric boilers.
The report found that:
[A]bout 115 million EU households will have an electric vehicle in 2050, 70 million may have a smart electric boiler, 60 million may have solar PV on their roof, and 42 million may have stationary batteries on their premises. Another 64 million households could participate in renewable energy production through an energy collective."
[....] About 161 million can potentially provide flexible demand services with an EV, (smart) electric boiler or stationary batteries. A large share of the households that could have demand flexibility could also be an energy producer.
"Citizens are already playing a role in renewable energy projects across Europe—benefiting the local economy, as well as creating public support for the energy transition. Their potential is huge, and this research shows these projects could, and should, be the norm," said Dirk Vansintjan, president of the European Federation of Renewable Energy Cooperatives.
"The E.U. should be clearing a path for forward-thinking, nimble energy citizens, not supporting big, polluting utilities. The age of energy dinosaurs is over."
Greenpeace E.U.The report was commissioned by the European Renewable Energies Federation, Friends of the Earth Europe, Greenpeace, and the European Federation of Renewable Energy Cooperatives. The organizations are calling for a framework to promote citizen-owned energy within the European Commission's Energy Union package, the commission's strategy for ushering in a low-carbon economy.
Such a call aligns with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker's wish (pdf) for "the E.U. to become the world number one in renewable energies," the groups said.
Because the data surrounding renewable energy is limited, there are some uncertainties surrounding the findings, the report cautions, but that in itself is evidence that more in-depth research need to be devoted to the industry, and that policymakers should undertake measures to tap the potential of citizens' collective energy creation.
"The E.U. should be clearing a path for forward-thinking, nimble energy citizens, not supporting big, polluting utilities," said Tara Connolly, energy policy adviser for Greenpeace E.U. "The age of energy dinosaurs is over."