Twenty-year-old Bangladeshi worker Morium Begum lost her baby in her seventh month of pregnancy after being forced to work 100-plus hours a week despite sickness and exhaustion while sewing garments for Gap and Old Navy in exchange for poverty wages.
According to a 68-page report released Thursday by the Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights, stories like Begum's are commonplace in the 3,750-worker Next Collections factory in Ashulia, Bangladesh, on the outskirts of Dhaka, where physical punishments—including slapping and beating—are routine, pregnant workers are subject to illegal firings or forced to toil without maternity leave, and wages are dismally low at 20 to 24 cents an hour.
This sweatshop is not isolated but, rather, owned by the second largest garment exporter in Bangladesh, Ha-Meem Group, which has 26 factories and 30,000 workers under its domain and is notorious for busting worker attempts to organize. These abuses occur with the complicity of major U.S. retailers who buy garments from these sweatshops while ignoring their abuses, the report charges.
"It is impossible to live a decent life with the income that we are earning at the cost of our health and life," declares Zesmin Khatun, who was was six months pregnant when management at New Collections illegally terminated her, denied her maternity leave, severance, and other benefits.
The report, entitled Gap and Old Navy in Bangladesh: Cheating the Poorest Workers in the World, outlines a litany of abuses at the New Collections factory, where 70 percent of goods produced end up in the hands of Gap and Old Navy.
"Next Collections workers are forced to toil 14- to 17-plus-hour shifts, seven days a week, routinely putting in workweeks of over 100 hours," the executive summary reads. "Workers are visibly sick and exhausted from the grueling and excessive hours."
"Workers live in miserable poverty in tiny primitive hovels. By the third week in a month, most have no money left for food," the report continues.
The stories of individual tragedy are extensive. Mazharul Islam described being physically attacked and threatened with death when his wife asked for maternity leave. "[T]he managing director kicked me hard on my back two or three times. He ordered a security guard to beat me with a cane stick," he recounted. "I thought I would faint."
Gap and other major retailers allow these abuses to continue through their complicity, including their refusal to release internal corporate audits, as well as their direct benefiting from the efforts of sweatshop managers to cover up their abuses, the report charges.
These violations continue despite global outrage, record garment worker protests, and corporate promises of reform after the collapse of a garment factory in April that killed more than 1,200 workers and injured over 2,500, with most victims women.
"How many pregnant women workers will have to suffer to establish the rule of law at factories like Next Collections?" asks Begum.