Trapped by Guantanamo
Remember way back when President Barack Obama promised to close Guantanamo, restore the United States' moral standing and end the practice of torture? It wasn't that long ago -- January 2009. As one of his first acts as president, Obama signed the executive order committing to closing the prison within a year and ending the practice of torture.
He knew the importance of this principled stance. In a major address on national security later that same year, President Obama held forth on the damage wrought by the Bush administration's policies of indefinite detention, torture and abuse.
"There is also no question that Guantanamo set back the moral authority that is America's strongest currency in the world. Instead of building a durable framework for the struggle against al Qaeda that drew upon our deeply held values and traditions, our government was defending positions that undermined the rule of law. In fact, part of the rationale for establishing Guantanamo in the first place was the misplaced notion that a prison there would be beyond the law -- a proposition that the Supreme Court soundly rejected. Meanwhile, instead of serving as a tool to counter terrorism, Guantanamo became a symbol that helped al Qaeda recruit terrorists to its cause. Indeed, the existence of Guantanamo likely created more terrorists around the world than it ever detained. So the record is clear: Rather than keeping us safer, the prison at Guantanamo has weakened American national security. It is a rallying cry for our enemies. It sets back the willingness of our allies to work with us in fighting an enemy that operates in scores of countries. By any measure, the costs of keeping it open far exceed the complications involved in closing it. That's why I argued that it should be closed throughout my campaign, and that is why I ordered it closed within one year."
Sounds good, right?
But the administration has allowed those complications to eclipse everything else. In a recent Washington Post article, an unnamed administration official admits that: "Gitmo is going to remain open for the foreseeable future."
Does this mean that for the foreseeable future men like Djamel Ameziane will remain trapped in a web of isolation at Guantanamo?
Djamel Ameziane was born April 14, 1967. A member of the Berber ethnic group, he fled his native Algeria in his early twenties to seek a better life. He found that better life as a chef at Al Caminetto Trattoria, one of the best Italian restaurants in Vienna. Forced to leave when his visa was not renewed, Ameziane went to Canada. Living and working in Montreal, Ameziane sought political asylum there as well. When that claim was denied in 2000, he was out of options. He decided to go to Afghanistan because as J. Wells Dixon, a member of his legal team and a senior staff attorney at the Center for Constitutional Rights, explained: "he believed it was only there that he could live in peace, anonymously and permanently."
But Djamel Ameziane was in the wrong place at the wrong time. Soon after he settled, the U.S. launched the October 2001 war against Afghanistan. He tried to flee the fighting, but was captured by local police while trying to cross the border into Pakistan. Like so many others who were captured along the border, he was turned over to U.S. forces for a bounty of $2,000 or $5,000. Next he was held at Kandahar Airbase in Afghanistan. Later, Ameziane was transported to Guantanamo in February 2002, making him one of the earliest prisoners held at the notorious facility.
Ameziane has never been charged with a crime. There is no credible evidence that he took up arms against the United States or posed a threat to this country. He remains at Guantanamo because the United States cannot send him back to Algeria and has not found a third country to host him.
Algeria has also not been Ameziane's home for nearly two decades and he should not be forced to return there. Returning to Algeria would expose Djamel Ameziane to even more suffering. He grew up in Kabylie, an unstable region in the north known for frequent, violent clashes between the Algerian army and Islamic resistance groups. In April, the State Department issued a travel warning for Kabylie, citing "terrorist attacks, including bombings, false roadblocks, kidnappings, ambushes, and assassinations." Practicing Muslims, like Ameziane, are automatically suspected of supporting the resistance and are frequently harassed, targeted for arrests by the government because of their religious practices.
The stain of having spent time in Guantánamo would alone be enough to put him at risk of being imprisoned if he is returned. The first two Algerians transferred out of Guantánamo in July 2008 were disappeared for two weeks and likely subjected to interrogation by Algeria's "military security" police. Other Algerian nationals at Guantanamo have said, through their lawyers, that they would rather stay in the prison than return to their country of origin.
Until a third country comes forward to offer him resettlement protection, Ameziane remains at Guantanamo. Djamel is a college graduate who speaks French, Arabic and English fluently and can communicate in German, making him an attractive candidate for any number of countries.
In 2008, his lawyers submitted an application for resettlement in Canada, where he lived in for five years before being denied asylum. The Anglican Church in Canada is prepared to sponsor Djamel Ameziane's settlement, where one of his brothers also lives. Barry Clarke, Anglican bishop of Montreal, said: "Having read what Djamel has suffered and the risk he would face if returned to Algeria, I am convinced that sponsoring him is the right thing to do." Canada is not the only option. If the Austrian government agreed to resettle Ameziane, his old boss at the Al Caminetto Trattoria is eager to rehire him as a chef.
Despite his long separation from family and his painful ordeal, Djamel continues to pursue his interests-- he enjoys drawing and water coloring, he reads French mystery novels and plays soccer. Djamel says: "I have only ever wanted to live quietly and peacefully in a country where I would not suffer persecution. That is still my goal."
There are 173 other men still at Guantanamo. Many face the same knot of complications as Djamel. Resettlement is not as difficult as the administration is making it out to be. The main hurdle is that the United States refuses to accept even a single man from Guantanamo within its borders.
Guantanamo is a crime against humanity. It is our crime against humanity. It is a crime carried out first by President George W. Bush and continued now by President Barack Obama.
As January 11, 2011 approaches-- the ninth anniversary of the opening of Guantanamo to "war on terrorism" detainees -- there should be a hue and cry and pressure on the Obama administration to decisively right the wrongs of Guantanamo. A first step is resolving the cases of Djamel Ameziane and so many others who remain in a brutal purgatory sanctioned by the same administration that promised, on January 22, 2009, to end this suffering and injustice.
Human rights organizations and anyone of conscience should commit themselves to action and education and outreach on this issue, so the United States does not end up marking a tenth year of Guantanamo and a third year of broken promises.
© 2010 Foreign Policy in Focus