It could be easy to miss with the headlines focused on other things, but this February—like every February—was Black History Month. Though it’s a time to celebrate the achievements of black Americans, it’s also a time to look at the challenges facing the community.
In that spirit, we’d like to share some findings from the the African-American Racial Wealth Divide Snapshot we prepared for the National Community Reinvestment Coalition.
There are nearly 50 million African Americans in the U.S. today. Though the African American population continues to rise, however, their share of the nation’s wealth isn’t keeping up.
In 2018, the annual median income of African Americans reached a little over $41,000—a high watermark, but considerably below the national average of about $62,000, and far below the median white income of over $70,000.
Similarly, despite a record low black unemployment rate of 6.5 percent, African Americans still lag beyond the national unemployment rate of about 3.9 percent. In this, they’re much closer to other historically marginalized groups like Native Americans, for whom unemployment is about 6.6 percent.
In an encouraging sign, education levels have been on the rise for African Americans.
High school graduation rates increased from 67 percent in 2010 to 78 percent in 2017—the largest increase for any racial group. Over the same period, the share of black students getting a bachelor’s degree increased from 17 percent to nearly 22 percent. However, these numbers still lag far behind comparable numbers for white Americans.
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But here’s where we get to what really matters.
Income, employment, and education are only part of what makes up economic well being. When it comes to measuring real household security, few measures are better than net worth — and it’s here we see the most stark racial wealth divide of all.
While white households have a median family net worth of $147,000, black households have a mere $3,600. In other words, the median white family has 41 times more wealth than the median black family.
Well into the 21st century, then, the African American journey to equality in the United States is still quite distant, particularly as it relates to economics and wealth. As we look at black history, we need to acknowledge a major historical legacy: the structural regeneration of debt and poverty.
And we need to start repairing the harm that’s been done.
How? For starters, by using the over $700 billion in tax benefits aimed at wealth development to support low-wealth households, instead of disproportionately benefiting the wealthiest Americans, reinforcing wealth inequality.
More broadly, we need a deeper understanding of the racial wealth divide and its systemic roots—from slavery to segregation to ongoing discrimination and lack of opportunity today — both during Black History Month and long after it’s passed.