The Maligning of BP

Everything is soothed by oil, and this is the reason why divers
send out small quantities of it from their mouths, because it smooths
every part which is rough.

- Pliny the Elder, Natural History

The British anger is really over the fact that Americans lack the
stiff upper lip for which the British are so famous. Instead of just
sucking it up and putting on a brave face we seem to be engaged in a
constant state of whinging and it's hard for the British not to believe
that it's nothing more than wanting to make them and one of their prized
corporate citizens look bad.

In fairness to the Americans, one has to observe that the oil being
spilled (the word that is consistently used to describe something that
never having been contained except by nature, was hardly capable of
being "spilled") is having a devastating effect on the environment and
its inhabitants. Millions of people are having their lives irreversibly
altered if not shattered with no prospect of returning to a pre-spill
way of life during their lifetimes, presidential promises to the
contrary notwithstanding. The environment will be irreversibly altered
for hundreds of square miles with no prospect that the life contained
therein will recover within the foreseeable future.

And it's not that BP (referred to as "British Petroleum" by some
commentators, in an attempt, the British think, to create more anger
towards their country) did not do everything within its power, sort of,
to protect against the very disaster that occurred. So thorough was BP
that in the response plan that it furnished the government describing
how it would deal with disasters, it said it had
plans to protect "Sensitive Biological Resources" in the Gulf. It
defined those resources to include "Sea lions, Seals, Sea Otters and
Walruses". That shows an amazing thoroughness since sightings of any of
those creatures in the Gulf have, in recent centuries, been extremely
rare. (During the recent congressional hearings in which executives from
other companies that were drilling in the Gulf testified, it was
disclosed that many of the response plans prepared by them also promised
to protect those animals.)

BP also identified its "primary equipment providers in the Gulf of
Mexico Region for deployment of spill response resources on a 24 hour, 7
days a week basis." One of those providers, identified in a link on the
proposal, was to a Japanese Home
site but that was just a mistake and does not suggest BP
was negligent. The fact that it identified them was significant even
though when the event occurred the providers, including the Home
Shopping Network were, contrary to the representation, unavailable. In
its response plan it also says it has "personnel, equipment, and
materials in sufficient quantities and recovery capacity to respond
effectively to oil spills from the "worst case discharge scenarios"
covered by the plan and it is almost certain that it believed that.

A rarely mentioned fact about the response plan is that it is almost
600 pages in length. That, too, speaks to the thoroughness of BP's

Considering all of the foregoing, it is easy to see why the British
are so upset by criticism of the company and its consequential damage to
BP's reputation.

BP is a very important British company. It has historically paid
really good dividends and its stock is widely held by teachers' unions,
pension funds, etc. Boris Johnson, the mayor of London spoke for the
British public when he expressed worry about "anti-British rhetoric" and
"name-calling" from American politicians. George Osborne, Chancellor
of the Exchequer said it was important to remember the "economic value
BP brings to people in Britain and America." (The Americans will be
forgiven if that benefit has been somewhat eclipsed by the disaster.) In
addition, BP pays close to $1.4 billion in British taxes and any
diminution in that amount would harm the British economy.

The Conservative peer, Lord Tebbit, was quoted in the New
York Times
as calling the American response "a crude, bigoted,
xenophobic display of partisan, political, presidential petulance
against a multinational company." Sir Chrisopher Meyer, a former
British ambassador to the U.S. said that the British government "must
put down a marker with the U.S. administration that the survival and
long term prosperity of BP is a vital British interest." That is easy
for Americans to overlook when contemplating the long-term survival and
prosperity of residents of the gulf coast.

I am taking the concerns of the Brits to heart. I will, as I hope
this column proves, say nothing but nice things about BP. And
irrespective of what happens to the people who live on the Gulf coast, I
join BP's president in expressing the hope that he can get his life
back. I am sure this has been an unpleasant and stressful time for him.

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