Banks Profit While Our Farmers Fail

When banks call in farm loans at the first opportunity, it destroys families, communities, and regional economies.

Bruce Drinkman is a successful organic dairy farmer who milks 50 cows
with his wife, Mari, near Glenwood City, Wisconsin.

Despite his 34 years of experience, the two-year drop in milk prices
and four years of drought have meant no profits or savings. Last fall
they were denied credit from their bank to purchase seeds to plant 55
acres in grains and corn this spring. To continue farming they cashed in
Mari's retirement account but the farm was placed into foreclosure
around Christmas. After repeated attempts to refinance the farm with
other banks, farm credit services and Farm Service Agency (a division of
the U.S. Department of Agriculture, or USDA) they were turned down by
all, and did not even attempt to obtain bank credit this spring.
Fortunately Bruce was able to obtain credit from a vendor to buy seed,
and at the end of April he and Mari filed reorganization bankruptcy, the
only means they knew to preserve their farm, home and livelihood.

A recent survey
by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago indicated that 11 percent of
Wisconsin farmers with existing lines of credit may not have credit
extended next year; this is especially significant because of the a 56
percent decline in net farm income in 2009. Dairy farmers have received
prices far below their costs of production for nearly two years. With
eroding equity, many are in immediate danger of losing their farms.

Farmland is so valuable that local (but often not locally owned)
banks call in farm loans at the first opportunity, destroying families,
communities, and regional economies. Farms entering foreclosure are
listed publicly, further devastating owners while notifying speculators
and investors of chances to take advantage of distraught landowners.

Something is askew. As the number of unemployed nationwide remains
around 10 percent and the USDA holds summits on revitalizing rural
America, why are experienced, efficient farmers receiving ridiculously
low prices for their products, forcing family members to seek scarce
off-farm jobs to support them? Why are banks and USDA denying them
access to credit to continue their operations? Are these institutions
conspiring to close farming operations in order to give investors the
opportunity to purchase their land for a fraction of its worth?

A posting on Farmland Forecast, read by
farmers, agribusinesses, investors and speculators interested in
agricultural land, stated that "Midwestern U.S. farmland provides
investors the best opportunity...Farmland may be [cheaper] in other
regions of the world, but...may not have the same soil quality,
transportation infrastructure, or government that supports property
rights." When an elderly couple with no heirs interested in or able to
afford the farm decides to sell; when a younger farmer sells after
incurring too much debt from low prices and rising input costs, there's
probably a corporate investor ready to buy. The land may be flipped to
developers when enough profit can be made or planted in commodity crops
(such as soybeans and corn) used primarily for livestock feed or ethanol

Sadly, many people who would like to engage in farming
remain landless but are forced to rent or accept tenuous land use
arrangements with no guaranteed long-term security. Speculators and
investors only make matters worse by driving the price of farmland out
of their reach, making less land available for the profitable production
of fresh, local, and sustainable produce, eggs, milk, grains, and meat.

It appears that the people who depend on their land for survival and
provide us with food--farmers, ranchers, fishers and laborers--are more
expendable than people sitting behind a desk trading stocks, land, and
communities' futures. The solution to this situation is two-fold. First,
restructure the pricing system to be fair and just for people producing
or harvesting our food. Second, require banks that received Troubled
Asset Relief Funds (TARP) to supply credit to and work with small
businesses (including farms) in their communities. Demand this from your
government. Otherwise, when farmers are forced off their land because
they can't profit from their labor or access credit for annual inputs,
who will provide us the wonderful bounty of summer--watermelon, sweet
corn, BLTs, and strawberries with whipped cream?

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This column was distributed by OtherWords.