Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the president-elect of Brazil, speaks at the COP27 summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt on November 16, 2022.

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the president-elect of Brazil, speaks at the COP27 summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt on November 16, 2022. (Photo: Christophe Gateau/picture alliance via Getty Images)

In COP27 Speech, Lula Vows to Make Amazon Destruction 'A Thing of the Past'

"There's no climate security for the world without a protected Amazon," said Brazil's president-elect.

Leftist Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva vowed Wednesday to halt deforestation of the Amazon and to establish a special ministry to protect Indigenous forest dwellers from human rights abuses.

"The planet, at every moment, warns us that we need each other to survive."

During a speech at the United Nations COP27 climate conference in Egypt--his first on the international stage since he defeated Brazil's outgoing far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, just over two weeks ago--Lula said that "there's no climate security for the world without a protected Amazon," roughly 60% of which is located in Brazil.

Parts of the Amazon, often referred to as the "lungs of the Earth" due to its unparalleled capacity to provide oxygen and absorb planet-heating carbon dioxide, recently passed a key tipping point after Bolsonaro intensified the destruction of the tropical rainforest during his four-year reign. According to one estimate, Bolsonaro's regressive policy changes are responsible for the eradication of as many as two billion trees in South America's largest nation.

"This devastation [of the Amazon] will be a thing of the past," said Lula, who previously served as Brazil's president from 2003 to 2010 and takes office again on January 1. "The crimes that happened during the current government will now be combated. We will rebuild our enforcement capabilities and monitoring systems that were dismantled during the past four years."

Most of the deforestation that occurred under Bolsonaro was illegal, propelled by logging, mining, and agribusiness companies that often used violence to run roughshod over Indigenous inhabitants of the Amazon.

"We will fight hard against illegal deforestation," the 77-year-old Lula, a member of the Workers' Party, continued. "We will take care of Indigenous people."

"I'm here to tell you that Brazil is back in the world. Brazil is emerging from the cocoon to which it has been subjected for the last four years," added Lula, who drastically reduced deforestation and channeled an economic boom into downwardly redistributive programs that curbed inequality when he governed Brazil earlier this century.

Lula's speech outlining his government's plan to achieve "zero deforestation" was welcomed by climate justice advocates, who implored him to follow through and pushed him to go further.

"The election of Lula was a victory for us," said Dario Kopenawa, representing the Yanomami Indigenous people and one of Rainforest Foundation Norway's partner organizations. "He has promised zero deforestation, to protect Indigenous people, and take illegal gold diggers out of our territory."

"He must keep his word," Kopenawa said. "The Yanomami people will hold Lula accountable for what he promised during his campaign."

Brazilian activist Ilan Zugman, the director of for Latin America, said that "the announced measures and guidelines are essential and put Brazil back in the direction of becoming a global leader in combating the climate crisis and the loss of biodiversity."

"However, the president-elect also needs to make more concrete announcements for the energy transition in the country," Zugman argued. "For example, if the current plans of the Brazilian oil major Petrobras move forward, Brazil will become, in the coming years, the fourth-largest oil producer in the world, which goes completely against what the world needs and what Brazil is proposing as climate leadership."

Toerris Jaeger, executive director of Rainforest Foundation Norway, called Wednesday "a historic moment of hope, in a critical time for the planet."

"For Brazil to succeed," Jaeger continued, "we urge heads of states to harness this momentum by supporting Lula to reestablish environmental agencies that were damaged during Bolsonaro's government, and investors and business leaders to make sure they cut their links to deforestation."

Notably, Brazil's president-elect is expected to face substantial opposition from corporate interests and right-wing Brazilian legislators. As The Washington Postreported last month, "Some analysts warn that a bloc of lawmakers with ties to agriculture could try to block Lula's environmental policies and pass legislation to facilitate land-grabbing and illegal mining."

Vox also observed recently that "deforestation is unlikely to stop altogether once Lula takes office."

"Bolsonaro's party still dominates Congress and will likely continue supporting the cattle industry, which is behind nearly all forest loss in the Brazilian Amazon," the outlet pointed out. "The country also faces an economic crisis and fallout from mismanaging the coronavirus pandemic, and it's not clear exactly how Lula will prioritize these competing crises."

Regardless, Lula's victory has been hailed as a critical step toward rescuing the Amazon from more severe and potentially irreversible damage.

In his late-October victory speech, Lula said that "a standing tree is worth more than tons of wood illegally harvested by those who think only of easy profit."

"We will promote the sustainable development of the communities who live in the Amazon region," he added. "We will prove that it is possible to generate wealth without destroying the environment."

In his wide-ranging speech on Wednesday, in which he called for fundamental reforms to the U.N. system, Lula urged governments to look beyond "immediate national interest so we can build a new international order" to tackle global warming, poverty, hunger, and related injustices. To positively transform the world's economy and ecology, he argued, "we need more resources for a problem that was created by rich countries but is disproportionally felt by the most vulnerable."

According to the Financial Times: "Political leaders from Germany and Norway have indicated they are willing to restart multimillion-dollar Amazon Fund payments to Brazil to aid conservation efforts as soon as Lula takes office. These payments were halted in 2019 amid surging deforestation and changes to the management of the fund by the Bolsonaro administration."

Earlier this week, Brazil, Congo, and Indonesia--three nations that are home to 52% of the globe's remaining primary tropical rainforests--formally launched an alliance to create a funding mechanism through which wealthy countries can finance conservation efforts around the world, fulfilling one of Lula's campaign pledges.

"Lula needs financial support for stepping up the implementation of Indigenous peoples' forest management plans," said Jaeger. "These plans, based on proven methods of sustainable forest management, are already in place and will, if put into practice, protect valuable rainforests covering an area the size of France. It is just a question of having the resources to carry them out."

Despite scientists' warnings that it will be virtually impossible to avoid the worst consequences of the climate and biodiversity crises unless the world stops felling trees to make space for cattle ranching, monocropping, and other harmful practices, global efforts to reverse deforestation by 2030 are currently behind schedule and woefully underfunded.

"The planet, at every moment, warns us that we need each other to survive, and that alone we are vulnerable," Lula said Wednesday. "It was always in difficult times that humanity overcame challenges," Brazil's president-elect noted before promising to "do whatever it takes" to bring clear-cutting in the Amazon to a swift end.

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