Skip to main content

Sign up for our newsletter.

Quality journalism. Progressive values. Direct to your inbox.

Six-year-old Syrian refugee Shayma'a playing with her baby brother in Tripoli, Lebanon where her family fled. (Photo: Sam Tarling/Oxfam/flickr/cc)

US Among World Powers 'Adding Fuel to the Fire' in Syria

'We have seen the impact of airstrikes, now it is time to see the impact of diplomatic pressure'

Andrea Germanos

The United States, Russia, France, and the United Kingdom "have actively added fuel to the fire of the Syria conflict."

That's the charge from 30 humanitarian groups including Oxfam, the Norwegian Refugee Council, Save the Children, and the Syrian-American Medical Society in a report (pdf) released Friday that looks at the failures of these members of the UN Security Council and the International Syria Support Group in helping to bring an end to ongoing civilian suffering.

This month marks the fifth year of the conflict in Syria in which at least 250,000 people have been killed, according to UN estimates. Before the conflict broke out, the average life expectancy was 70.5 years. But in 2015, that figured dropped to 55.4. Poverty has also soared, jumping from 35 percent to 85 percent, while immunization coverage has fallen from 90 percent to less than 60 percent.

And during the past year, the report says, "the suffering has only worsened."

"The Syrian government and its allies, as well as armed opposition and extremist groups, bear the primary and direct responsibility for the horrific reality Syria's civilians face on this grim anniversary," the report states, yet these four nations, "which should play a key role in ending the suffering in Syria—are actively contributing to that very suffering."

They're doing that by flouting their own UN Security Council resolutions, implementing inadequate diplomatic pressure, and by pursing a military strategy "with varying degrees of direct consequences for the civilian population and escalation of the conflict."

The U.S. in 2015, for example, "spent $11.5 million a day on its bombing raids in Syria and Iraq. The U.S. also directly transfers weapons to armed groups inside Syria." There have been reports of "damaged civilian infrastructure and nearly 300 civilian casualties," the report says. That's despite Security Council resolutions demanding all parties end stop "indiscriminate use of weapons, including through shelling and aerial bombardment" that can result in civilian casualties.

And Russian bombing raids have, despite goals of Security Council resolutions, been barriers to access to humanitarian assistance.

"The last year was the most miserable yet for Syrians," stated Mark Goldring, Chief Executive of Oxfam GB.

"While the failure to end the terrible violence must primarily rest with those involved in the fighting, their international backers also have a responsibility to safeguard hope rather than fuel the fire. They have to decide whether they are committed to ending this catastrophe or to continuing its escalation. We have seen the impact of airstrikes, now it is time to see the impact of diplomatic pressure in bringing peace to Syria," he said.

The new report comes just ahead of a round of UN-mediated peace talks set to begin Monday.


Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0). Feel free to republish and share widely.

We've had enough. The 1% own and operate the corporate media. They are doing everything they can to defend the status quo, squash dissent and protect the wealthy and the powerful. The Common Dreams media model is different. We cover the news that matters to the 99%. Our mission? To inform. To inspire. To ignite change for the common good. How? Nonprofit. Independent. Reader-supported. Free to read. Free to republish. Free to share. With no advertising. No paywalls. No selling of your data. Thousands of small donations fund our newsroom and allow us to continue publishing. Can you chip in? We can't do it without you. Thank you.

Federal Court Strikes Down Ruling That Blocked Biden's Drilling Moratorium

"Today's decision demonstrates how flawed the preliminary injunction issued in June 2021 was, and that Interior must quickly take action to reform the federal fossil fuel program," said one environmental lawyer.

Julia Conley ·


Two Weeks Before Payments Resume, Progressives Tell Biden 'Time to Cancel Student Debt'

U.S. Education Secretary Miguel Cardona said that "we're having conversations daily with the White House and borrowers will know directly and soon from us when a decision is made."

Jessica Corbett ·


Progressive Mandela Barnes Leads Ron Johnson by 7 Points in New Poll

"People are done being represented by an out-of-touch, self-serving multimillionaire like Ron Johnson," said Wisconsin's Democratic Senate nominee.

Kenny Stancil ·


Rights Groups Tell Zuckerberg to Stop 'Dangerous Censorship' of Abortion Content

"Meta's censorship of information on abortion and reproductive health is jeopardizing the safety and human rights of millions across the U.S."

Jake Johnson ·


Florida State Attorney Andrew Warren Files Suit to Fight Suspension by Gov. Ron DeSantis

The Republican's move "was nothing more than an authoritarian takeover of the office motivated by the governor's own political agenda," said the head of a U.S. network of elected prosecutors.

Jessica Corbett ·

Common Dreams Logo