The Chilean government on Thursday recognized for the first time that Nobel-prize winning poet and leftist diplomat Pablo Neruda may have been murdered by the regime of Augusto Pinochet, following the U.S.-backed coup that led to Pinochet's rise to power in 1973.
Chile's Interior Ministry made the statement in response to a ministry document published in May and obtained by the Spanish newspaper El País.
"It's clearly possible and highly probable that a third party" was responsible for Neruda's death, the document said, adding that he was either injected with or orally administered a foreign substance hours before his death.
Neruda officially died of natural causes on September 23, 1973, at the Santa Maria clinic in Santiago, where he had previously been treated for cancer. But suspicions that Pinochet had a hand in his death lingered for decades. The controversy prompted Chilean investigators to exhume his body in 2013 for examination.
One of Neruda's nephews, Rodolfo Reyes, last month told a press conference that he believed his uncle had been poisoned.
Neruda was a close friend of former Chilean President Salvador Allende, who killed himself on September 11, 1973 as Pinochet seized power. Allende's death and the new regime's brutal rule prompted Neruda to make plans to go into exile and speak out against Pinochet's dictatorship—but a day before he was set to depart, he was taken by ambulance to the Santa Maria clinic in Santiago, where he had previously been treated for cancer. He died there on September 23, 1973.
An initial round of forensic testing did not turn up signs Neruda was poisoned, but the judge investigating the case ordered a second test to look for substances that were not previously included in the examination.