Skip to main content

Sign up for our newsletter.

Quality journalism. Progressive values. Direct to your inbox.

The lethal injection room at San Quentin State Prison, completed in 2010. (Photo: CA Dept of Corrections)

The lethal injection room at San Quentin State Prison, completed in 2010. (Photo: CA Dept of Corrections)

In Botched Execution, Man Given 15 Experimental Lethal Injections

Records reveal Joseph Wood, whose grisly execution grabbed global headlines last week, was given an 'unprecedented' injection of drugs

Sarah Lazare

Arizona's execution last week of death row prisoner Joseph Wood garnered international headlines when Wood took nearly two hours to die, gulping and snorting 660 times on the gurney following his injection with an experimental cocktail of lethal drugs. Now it has been revealed that, by the time he passed away, Wood had been given 15 times the sedative and painkiller recommended by state protocol.

Records released to Wood's lawyers on Friday show Wood was administered with 50 milligrams each of midazolam and hydromorphone 15 times before he was pronounced dead. The Arizona Department of Corrections admitted Friday that they a total of 750 milligrams of each drug throughout the execution. Arizona's protocol (pdf) for lethal injections prescribes 50 milligrams of each drug, meaning Wood was given far beyond the recommended dose.

“The execution logs released today by the Arizona Department of Corrections show that the experimental drug protocol did not work as promised,” Dale Baich, one Wood's lawyers, declared in a written statement. "Instead of the one dose as required under the protocol, A.D.C. injected 15 separate doses of the drug combination, resulting in the most prolonged execution in recent memory.”

Medical experts told the New York Times that the dosage levels Wood received are unprecedented. "They're making this up as they go along," said Joel Zivot, an assistant professor of anesthesiology and surgery at Emory University Hospital.

Wood's was at least the third botched execution using experimental drugs this year, in which men appeared to show pain and distress following their lethal injection, prompting accusations of 'cruel and unusual punishment.' The drug midazolam was used in all three incidents, and medical experts have warned that a cocktail of midazolam and hydromorphone, which is new and untested, could cause excessive suffering. States have increasingly turned to the untested cocktails following a European ban on sales of the drugs for use in executions.

Arizona’s attorney general has ordered a temporary stop to state executions pending a review of Wood's case.


Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0). Feel free to republish and share widely.

This is the world we live in. This is the world we cover.

Because of people like you, another world is possible. There are many battles to be won, but we will battle them together—all of us. Common Dreams is not your normal news site. We don't survive on clicks. We don't want advertising dollars. We want the world to be a better place. But we can't do it alone. It doesn't work that way. We need you. If you can help today—because every gift of every size matters—please do. Without Your Support We Simply Don't Exist.

Please select a donation method:

'A Day of Shame': Australia Lobbying Thwarts Push to List Great Barrier Reef as Endangered

Greenpeace Australia called Friday's World Heritage Committee vote "a victory for one of the most cynical lobbying efforts in recent history."

Jake Johnson ·


Revealing 'Extreme and Regressive Strategy,' Mississippi Asks SCOTUS to Overturn Roe

"This has always been the anti-choice movement's agenda behind closed doors—now they're operating in plain sight."

Andrea Germanos ·


'A Huge Outrage': Senate Panel Approves $25 Billion Pentagon Budget Increase

"Not so incidentally, the $25 billion spending increase approved by the Senate Armed Services Committee exactly matches the cost to scale up Covid-19 vaccine production to meet global demand."

Jake Johnson ·


Sanders, Lee, and Murphy Slam Biden Administration's First Drone Strike in Somalia

"It's time to do away with questionable legal justifications claimed by one administration after the next for acts of war like this."

Jake Johnson ·


Progressives Demand Probe After Revelations About FBI Investigation of Kavanaugh

"Survivors deserve justice, and the country deserves to know the full truth of this situation, as well as the lengths the Trump administration was willing to go to cover up the truth."

Jessica Corbett ·