At least 10 Palestinian children have been shot and wounded by
Israeli troops in the past three months while collecting rubble in or
near the "buffer zone" created by Israel along the Gaza border, in a low-intensity offensive on the fringes of the blockaded Palestinian territory.
soldiers are routinely shooting at Gazans well beyond the unmarked
boundary of the official 300 metre-wide no-go area, rights groups say.
to Bassam Masri, head of orthopaedics at the Kamal Odwan hospital in
Beit Lahiya in the north of Gaza, about 50 people have been treated for
gunshot wounds suffered in or near the buffer zone while collecting
rubble in the past three months; about five have been killed.
He estimates that 30% of the injured are boys under 18.
for Children International (DCI) has documented 10 cases of children
aged 13 to 17 being shot in a three-month period between 50 and 800
metres from the border. Nine were shot in a leg or arm; one was shot in
The creation of the no-go area has forced farmers to
abandon land and residents to leave homes for fear of coming under fire.
Last month a 91-year-old man and two teenage boys were killed while
harvesting olives outside the official zone when Israeli troops fired
shells. Forty-three goats also died in the attack.
In another case a mother of five was killed by a shell outside her home near the zone in July.
declared the buffer zone inside Gaza after the three-week war in
2008-9, saying it was intended to prevent militants firing rockets. It
has dropped leaflets from planes several times warning local people not
to venture within 300 metres of the fence that marks the border or risk
However, the UN, aid agencies and rights groups say
that Israel has unofficially and without warning extended the zone to up
to 1km from the fence, leaving residents and farmers uncertain whether
it is safe to access their land or property.
"The army knows the
kids are there to collect. They watch them every day and they know they
have no weapons," said Mohammed Abu Rukbi, a fieldworker with DCI. "They
usually fire warning shots but the kids don't take much notice."
Sobboh, 17, was shot just above the knee on August 25 when he was 800
metres from the border, he said. The 12 people in his family have no
other income and are not entitled to aid from the UN as they are not
Israeli soldiers shot dead a horse and a donkey used by Mohammed and his brothers to carry the rubble, he said.
brother, Adham, 22, said children as young as eight collect debris from
former settlements and demolished buildings for 30-40 shekels
(£5.20-£7) a day. "The price has gone down because a lot of people are
collecting," said Adham.
According to Dr Masri, the number of
shootings has increased as more impoverished Gazans turn to collecting
rubble to sell as construction material, which is still under Israeli
embargo. "Every day we have one or two cases. Some kids are facing
permanent disability. Most of the injuries are to the legs and feet,
suggesting the soldiers did not aim to kill. That means they know that
the people aren't militants."
Ziad Tamboura, 27, lying in a
hospital bed with a heavily bandaged foot, was shot last week while
collecting 500 metres from the border. X-rays showed the bones in the
foot to be smashed by the bullet. He collected rubble in order to feed
his wife and child. "If I am able to walk again, I will go back. There
is no other work."
The Gaza City-based Al-Mezan Centre for Human
Rights is to mount a legal challenge jointly with the Israeli groups
Adalah and Physicians for Human Rights to breaches of the official
buffer zone. "The area [the Israelis] announced is not the same as what
exists on the ground," said the centre's Samir Zaqout.
criticised the Israelis for shooting and shelling unarmed civilians.
"They know everything. They have the technological capacity to monitor
the area. They have drones in the sky all the time. They are observing
and screening everything."
According to the UN, about 30% of
Gaza's arable land is contained within 300 metres of the 50km border.
The difficulty farmers face in reaching their land had had an impact on
the availability of crops in Gaza, Zaqout said. "Tomatoes are now 10
shekels a kilo, whereas the price used to be one or two shekels."
Abu Said family, whose land lies outside the buffer zone, felt
confident that their faces were well known to Israeli troops monitoring
the area. "Every day six or seven members of my family are there [on the
land]," said Mohammed Abu Said.
But on 12 September, 91-year-old
Ibrahim Abu Said, his 17-year-old grandson, Hussam, and a family friend,
Ismail Abu Owda, 16, were killed by a shell fired from a tank on the
Israeli side of the border. "This was a very old man taking care of his
goats," said Mohammed, Ibrahim's son. "Our land used to be like a
heaven. Now it's like a desert."
He blamed Palestinian militants for firing rockets as well as the Israeli military.
a statement, the Israeli military said the 300-metre buffer zone was
created in response to "many incidents of hostile terrorist activity"
close to the security fence, often made "under a civilian disguise".
added: "The IDF acts in order to prevent harm to civilian populations
in its operations and any complaint expressed regarding its soldiers'
conduct will be … examined according to the existing policy."
In the firing line
Children shot in "buffer zone" while collecting rubble
Mohammad, 17, shot in left leg, 800m from border, 25 August
Khaled, 16, left thigh, 600m from border, 31 July
Hameed, 13, left arm, 50m from border, 14 July
Nu'man, 14, right leg, 300m from border, 10 July
Arafat, 16, left ankle, 50m from border, 10 July
Mohammad, 16, stomach, 500m from border, 23 June
Abdullah, 16, just above right ankle, 60m from border, 22 June
Ibrahim, 16, right leg, 400m from border, 16 June
Awad, 17, just above his right knee, 350m from border, 7 June
Hasan, 17, just below right knee, 300m from border, 22 May
Source: Defence for Children International