On Tuesday, just one day before "equity-centric" legislation legalizing sales and adult use of recreational marijuana took effect in Illinois, Democratic Gov. JB Pritzker granted pardons to more than 11,000 individuals with low-level cannabis convictions.
"Tomorrow, Illinois will become the 11th state to legalize and regulate adult-use cannabis. But our state is today doing something that sets us apart: Illinois is putting equity first, clearing thousands of convictions and giving individuals and their families a new lease on life," Pritzker said in series of tweets Tuesday.
The governor explained that "these 11,017 misdemeanor convictions represent individuals who have carried around with them a stain on their records for possessing less than 30 grams of cannabis—a stain that has very often prevented them from obtaining housing or jobs or benefits."
Toi Hutchinson, who resigned as a Democratic state senator in September to serve as a senior adviser to the governor and oversee implementation of the cannabis law, welcomed Pritzker's announcement in a statement Tuesday.
"As one of the authors of this historic law, I am so proud to witness equity being put into practice today," she said. "The 11,017 pardons that Gov. Pritzker is granting today are thousands of lives forever changed—and hundreds of thousands more will be changed in the coming months. Those who were unfairly targeted by discriminatory drug laws can finally get ahead and build a new future for themselves and their families."
Pritzker highlighted on Twitter that the pardons represented just the first wave. Under the state's new law, hundreds of thousands of people are eligible to have their cannabis-related arrests and convictions cleared from the public record.
Here in Illinois, we’re not just looking back and correcting the wrongs of our past – we’re facing our future, determined to do better – for everyone.
— Governor JB Pritzker (@GovPritzker) December 31, 2019
According to the governor's office, more than 700,000 records are eligible for expungement thanks to the law. Of those, 116,000 records are eligible through the governor's pardon process, which is for convictions up to 30 grams, and another 34,000 records are eligible under a process for convictions between 30 and 500 grams.
Approximately 572,000 records for arrests that did not result in a conviction up to 30 grams are set to be automatically expunged by local law enforcement agencies and the state police. The agencies have a series of deadlines for that process, scheduled to be complete by Jan. 1, 2025.
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In mid-December, Cook County State's Attorney Kim Foxx kicked off the expungement effort by filing motions to vacate 1,012 low-level convictions. She said at the time that "today, we made history and took the first step in the single largest and most equitable piece of criminal justice reform Illinois has ever seen."
Common Dreams reported when Illinois lawmakers unveiled the bill in May 2019 that the legislation is notable for provisions designed to serve individuals and communities in the state who have been negatively affected by the nation's decades-long War on Drugs, including one that establishes a low-interest loan program to help "social equity applicants" enter the legal cannabis industry.
As Lt. Gov. Juliana Stratton, a Democrat, put it Tuesday: "Illinois is going where no other state has before, admitting the unjust errors of the War on Drugs and giving so many Illinoisans greater opportunities to build good lives for themselves and the people they love."
The Restore, Reinvest, and Renew (R3) Program "will direct 25 percent of the state's cannabis revenue right back into the communities hit the hardest by decades of over-policing, disinvestment, disenfranchisement, and violence," she said. "In that effort, we're lifting up the voices of the people who actually live in these neighborhoods, who know these blocks and exactly where our dollars will make a real difference."
A fact sheet from the Illinois Justice Project explains that R3 Program funds "will be used to reduce gun violence through intervention and prevention, to improve re-entry and diversion services for people involved with the criminal justice system, and to support programs that improve the social determinants of health."
Illinois residents and visitors aged 21 and older can now legally purchase limited amounts of cannabis products at state-licensed dispensaries. "So far, 43 marijuana stores around the state have received all needed approvals" to start selling while six other stores are "held up by permitting issues, construction, or other hurdles," according to the Chicago Tribune.
"The historic first day of sales of recreational marijuana in Illinois kicked off Wednesday morning with the expected long lines and party atmosphere," the Tribune reported. The lieutenant governor was among the hundreds of people who visited a licensed dispensary.
For too long, IL residents, particularly those that are black & brown, have been targeted and criminalized for #cannabis possession.
— Lt. Governor Juliana Stratton (@LtGovStratton) January 1, 2020
"We believe the social equity aspects of this legislation should be a model for the entire country," Stratton told reporters outside of the store while holding a bag of clementine gummy edibles. "Yesterday, Governor Pritzker pardoned 11,017 low-level cannabis arrests and convictions. That's just the beginning. We have hundreds of thousands more who will be eligible for having their records expunged. That's a big deal."