So That All May Drink

After years of grassroots pressure, the UN General Assembly will debate a resolution July 28th on the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation.

Maude Barlow, former senior advisor on water to the president of the UN General Assembly, has described the lack of access to clean water
as the "most violated human right." Currently, 1.2 billion people have
no access to safe drinking water and 2.6 billion live without proper
sanitation. Every eight seconds a child dies from preventable waterborne

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948, does not
explicitly recognize the human right to water, an omission which is
overdue for redress. As climate change aggravates water scarcity and
contamination, advocates say that a specific resolution on water is
essential to protect the most vulnerable.

At press time, many states, most notably the United States, Canada,
New Zealand, Australia, and England, oppose the human right to water and
sanitation resolution. The vote is likely to follow a North-South
split, with the co-sponsors predominantly from the South.

Anil Naidoo, coordinator of the Blue Planet Project,
called the vote "hard to predict as there will be procedural wrangling
and amendments to block passage. But we have seen substantial
vote-shifting with 34 co-sponsors and more coming on board. We are
heartened by grassroots support for the resolution." Naidoo lamented
that opposing countries tend to be the highest per-capita water
consumers, with virtually all their citizens enjoying the rights they
seek to deny the world.

Opposition to this resolution is increasingly hard to justify as the
grave nature of the global water crisis threatens water consumers
everywhere, and General Assembly resolutions are non-binding political
statements. Guaranteeing sanitation, however, represents an area of
concern for some states, despite the Millennium Development Goals
mandate to reduce by half the number of people without sanitation.

The resolution would heighten pressure on countries to guarantee the
human right to water and sanitation. As with the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights, the implementation of the resolution would likely be
uneven and won through local advocacy campaigns. Nevertheless, the
resolution would constitute a legal tool to strengthen advocacy for
thirsty people around the globe.

Although winning the right to water will not guarantee that the
globe's ecosystems also receive their fair share of water, Naidoo feels
that "this resolution would be an important step in a radical rethinking
of how our water commons around the globe are managed." Currently, Bolivia is building similar UN support for a resolution on the rights of Mother Earth, which would seek, among other goals, to ensure that the world's watersheds must remain healthy.

For More Information

Readers are encouraged to influence decision-makers. One way is to pressure the U.S. ambassador to the UN to support the resolution. The other is for elected officials from around the world to sign an Open Statement to the Member States of the UN General Assembly.

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