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As Long As We're Talking About Socialism

Mark Harris

CNBC business analyst Rick Santelli's televised tirade earlier
this year ago against the idea of "loser" homeowners receiving
government assistance turned the cable analyst into an overnight folk
hero, no small feat for this voice of oppressed bond traders everywhere.

The Fox News/Republican right has high hopes the ensuing
"tea party" protests inspired by Santelli's rhetoric will serve as a
rallying cry for rousing the right-wing faithful against President
Obama's economic recovery plan. Unfortunately for them, the public
protests against "taxes and spending" turned mostly into a transparent
exhibition of the Republican Party's desperation.

Indeed, there is legitimate public unease over the President's recovery
plan. But what are the Republicans going to do about it? Predictably,
the "free-market" fetishists of the right remain broken records when it
comes to their own recovery proposals. Which are? Basically, just more
of the same Bush-era version of deregulated Reaganomics. In other
words, endless sops to the financial interests of the rich and powerful
while everyone else gets to breathe more stale air about better days to
come. That's why the "Tea Party" protests amount to little more than a
manipulated exercise in fake populism.

But as long as we're shedding illusions, what about also divesting
ourselves of some equally archaic liberal notions? Most Democrats now
assume that the economy will eventually right itself if only we
somewhat re-regulate the financial sector, temporarily pump more public
money into troubled companies, and provide market incentives to private
capital.

Accordingly, Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner wants to provide low-cost
loans and guarantees to private investors to buy a minimum $500 billion
(maybe up to $1 trillion) in toxic mortgage and other bank assets. The
plan is based on the dubious proposition that the road to economic
salvation winds through the same hedge-fund investors and private
equity firms already responsible for speculating the economy into
disaster. Even worse, the terms of the plan guarantee that it is only
the risk-not the profit-that will be minimized for private investors. As the New York Times noted
in a March 24 editorial, the Treasury plan represents "a near complete
socialization of losses, with little value flowing to taxpayers."

True to form, some on the right now decry Obama's stimulus package as
nothing less than the triumph of socialism in America. "Lenin and
Stalin would love this stuff," former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee
told a recent meeting of the Conservative Political Action Conference.
Not that the huckster Huckabee has any serious ideas about how to solve
the run of mortgage foreclosures or rising unemployment. Or, for that
matter, the crisis of capitalism itself.

The Decline of the Empire

Speaking of which, the real trouble with the Geithner plan is its
assumption that the banking system is basically sound. In fact, the
current crisis reflects contradictions in "free market" economics
decades in the making.

As Walden Bello, a senior analyst for Focus on the Global South, noted
last fall, "The Wall Street meltdown is not only due to greed and to
the lack of government regulation of a hyperactive sector. The Wall
Street collapse stems ultimately from the crisis of overproduction that
has plagued global capitalism since the mid-seventies."

He's right. The current economic crisis is a product of the long
goodbye of the postwar American empire. The prosperity that followed
the end of World War II was largely driven by rebuilding war-torn
Europe and Japan, along with the introduction of permanent, large-scale
military spending. But inevitably the rebuilt foreign economies came to
represent not just new markets and investment opportunities, but
increased global competition. With the rise also of newly
industrializing economies in such countries as Brazil, Taiwan, and
South Korea, the competitiveness of the U.S. economy had by the 1970s
begun to undergo serious decline.

Until this time, relatively high wages served not only to stimulate
U.S. consumer spending, but also to pacify the labor movement. The
Keynesian regulatory controls put in place in the 1930s acted at least
partly to temper the natural "boom or bust" cycle of the market. But
there was always a limit to how far the wondrous world of postwar
productivity could go. That's because even the most affluent "free
market" societies are characterized by social inequality and poverty,
which represent serious brakes on the public's buying power. Hence,
overproduction.

With declining profit rates, Reaganomics had by the early 1980s become
the ideological clearinghouse to justify trashing "outdated" government
restrictions on capital growth. Supposedly, dismantling "burdensome"
restrictions on trade and commerce would prompt the wealthy, inspired
by their growing good fortune, to invest with renewed vigor in new jobs
and capital growth. A rising tide of popular affluence would thus be
the result.

Of course, it didn't quite work out that way. The "trickle-down"
economics of the Reagan era instead turned into a form of economic
waterboarding for the average American. Income circulated only one-way,
upward from the middle class and poor to the already well-off on their
way to becoming the super well-off. Good paying union jobs were
exported overseas where wages were cheap and work standards low, while
at home wages and benefits stagnated and union growth stalled. Two
decades later 40 to 50 percent of all U.S. corporate profits come from
operations and sales abroad, while wages have remained mostly flat.
Tellingly, the income gap between the haves and everyone else is
greater now than any time in the nation's history.

A World on Edge

If laissez faire economics is dead, as French President
Sarkozy recently declared, so also is the era of American global
economic power. Today, the financial sector constitutes about 22
percent of all U.S. economic activity, notes former Republican
strategist Kevin Phillips in "Bad Money." As for manufacturing, it is
down to about 12 percent of the economy. These facts reflect less the
dynamic character of American capitalism than its underlying
instability and weakness. Why? Because the financial sector creates nothing of real value.
It is, as Bello notes, "tantamount to squeezing value out of already
created value." It should be an ABC of economics that only industry,
agriculture and their accompanying trade and services introduce real
value into the economy.

It should also be ABC that the current crisis is the result of
bipartisan policies. It was the Clinton Administration and Congress
that engineered passage of the Financial Services Modernization Act of
1999, leading to repeal of decades-old regulations restricting banks
from offering investment or insurance services. The runway was thus
cleared for an already burgeoning investor economy to soar into the
speculative stratosphere. After all, why invest in actual economic
growth when the real money is to be made buying and selling other
people's mortgages?

Unfortunately, the Obama Administration proceeds as if the crisis is a
serious temporary problem that money and some regulatory tinkering to
the economic engine can repair. Meanwhile, the Republican right-wing
sinks further into ludicrous irrelevancy, their jabs at Obama's
"socialist" policies appearing increasingly grotesque and out of touch.

But since they've brought up the topic of socialism, why not talk about
the real thing? The essence of the socialist idea is that the economy
can and should be planned, both to make best use of resources and to
serve not private profit but the majority's human needs. In other
words, socialism represents the extension of democracy into the
economy. In its absence we instead witness the current havoc wreaked on
our economy by a relatively small number of super-rich, who use their
economic and political power to twist the levers of the economy to
serve their own narrow interests.

Some liberal economists such as Nobel Prize winner Paul Krugman have
recently begun to sound the alarm on Obama's recovery plan. Expecting
those who caused the crisis to solve the crisis just won't work, says
Krugman, even if you reward them beyond their wildest dreams. Krugman
favors more extensive measures such as nationalizing the largest banks.
Still, his perspective is limited. In the long run he'd like to keep
the banks in private hands. Bank nationalization should be just a
temporary solution.

Why? Why, indeed, should private ownership of major economic
institutions be considered sacrosanct, especially when those who've had
their chance to run things have instead run things into the ground? In
a rational society the banking system would exist as an arm of the
public good, a regulated system subject to democratic management. It
might be even easier to grasp the capitalist folly in health care. We
need private health insurance companies as much we need private fire
departments that serve only their own paid-up enrollees.

Is this just inflated left-wing rhetoric? Then ask yourself how
democratic it is for the richest 1 percent of Americans to own 43
percent of all stock? Or for this same 1 percent to account for 33
percent of total household wealth, according to the Federal Reserve
Bulletin? Is it far-fetched to suggest that class inequality and
economic insecurity are permanent hallmarks of life under capitalism?

If the economic crisis is the result of bipartisan policy, it's solution now lies in mass partisan action
by an organized public. All the hopeful chatter from the Wall Street
types in the Treasury Department who now command the President's ear
will only go so far. A mobilized, grass-roots labor movement fighting
for the right to organize the unorganized and for more jobs and better
working conditions and economic relief for distressed homeowners would
do far more to move the country forward to the better future we all
deserve.


Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0). Feel free to republish and share widely.
Mark Harris

Mark Harris

Mark Harris is a Portland, Oregon-based writer. His essays and other writing appear in Utne magazine, Common Dreams, Counterpunch, Truthout, The Oregonian, Z, and other publications and news sites. Harris is a featured contributor to “The Flexible Writer,” fourth edition, by Susanna Rich (Allyn & Bacon/Longman, 2003); and “Guide to College Reading,” sixth edition, by Kathleen McWhorter (Addison-Wesley, 2003).

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