For Immediate Release


Alan Barber, 202-293-5380 x115

Current PEs Make Risk-Free Rate of Return on Public Pensions Highly Unlikely

Is a 4.5 percent rate-of-return realistic?

WASHINGTON - Debate over public pension funds continues unabated across the nation. Some have argued that states should assume a risk-free rate of return on pension fund assets, which makes funding shortfalls appear considerably larger. A new calculator from the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) demonstrates that such a low rate of return is extremely implausible given the sharp drop in the price-to-earnings ratio since the downturn.

The Pension Return Calculator” allows users to manipulate several variables --including nominal rates of return on stocks and GDP growth-- to show price-to-earnings ratios from 1962-2050 in an attempt to achieve a risk-free, 4.5 percent rate of return.

“Most pension funds assume a 10 percent rate of return, the historical average,” said Dean Baker, a co-director of CEPR. “There are practically no plausible scenarios in which stocks will only produce a 4.5 percent rate of return, especially when one considers our current low price-to-earnings ratios.”

The calculator demonstrates that attempts to scale back public pensions based on pessimistic expectations of rates of return are misguided. Barring another downturn of the magnitude of the Great Recession, it is highly unlikely that the rate of returns on public pensions will not be near the historic average.


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The Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) was established in 1999 to promote democratic debate on the most important economic and social issues that affect people's lives. In order for citizens to effectively exercise their voices in a democracy, they should be informed about the problems and choices that they face. CEPR is committed to presenting issues in an accurate and understandable manner, so that the public is better prepared to choose among the various policy options.

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