The World Food Programme has warned that flood-ravaged Pakistan faces
a "triple threat" after the worst disaster in the country's history
left eight million people dependent on aid to survive.
Torrential rains triggered massive floods that have moved steadily
from north to south over the past month, engulfing a fifth of the
country and affecting 17 million of Pakistan's 167 million people.
The floods have washed away huge swathes of the rich farmland on which the country's struggling economy depends.
is a triple threat unfolding as this crisis widens and deepens,"
Josette Sheeran, the World Food Programme chief, said at a conference
with other United Nations officials in the Pakistani capital, Islamabad,
after visiting flooded areas on Wednesday.
"People have lost
seeds, crops and their incomes, leaving them vulnerable to hunger,
homelessness and desperation - the situation is extremely critical," she
Anthony Lake, the head of Unicef, the UN children's fund, said that the disaster had affected nearly 8.6 million children.
"In many ways, it is a children's emergency.
"There is also a potential second wave of death from waterborne diseases.This
is likely to get much worse if we can't reach people with clean water,
adequate nutrition, sanitation and vaccination," he said.
Al Jazeera's Imtiaz Tyab, reporting from the town of Mingora, said
the waters were receding but the extent of the devastation is
"It has been about a month since
floods tore through Swat valley, the floodwaters have receded, but
the devastation left behind is staggering. Areas are still not
accessible by road, leaving far too many people isolated," our
Meanwhile floodwaters continued to sweep
towards two small southern towns as authorities managed finally to plug a
breach in defences across the Indus river in nearby Thatta city.
troops and city workers had been battling over the weekend to save
Thatta, with most of the population of 300,000 fleeing the advancing
"Thatta city has been declared safe after a breach in
the river caused by floods at nearby Faqir Jo Goth village was fully
plugged," Hadi Bakhsh Kalhoro, a senior city official, told the AFP news
But he said the fast-moving waters that left the
low-lying town of Sujawal submerged on Sunday were now threatening the
towns of Jati and Choohar Jamali, where official warnings have been
issued to residents to evacuate.
"We are making efforts to save the two towns which have a combined population of more than 100,000," Kalhoro said.
'Millions at risk'
Most people had already returned to Thatta, Kalhoro said, on the western bank of the swollen Indus.
inundated Sujawal was mostly empty on Tuesday, as water flowed down its
streets and troops offloaded rubber boats from their vehicles to rescue
the remaining few, an AFP reporter on the scene said.
Soomro, a Sindh government spokesman, said that 147 people had been
killed in the province, mostly as a result of disease triggered by the
floods, and most of them women and children.
Southern Sindh is
the worst-affected province, with 19 of its 23 districts ravaged as
floodwaters have swollen the raging Indus river to 40 times its usual
One million people have been displaced over the past few days alone.
Pakistan's government has confirmed 1,645 people dead and
2,479 injured but officials warn that millions are at risk from
food shortages and disease.
Al Jazeera and agencies