For Immediate Release
US Activists Critique Government Performance at UN Human Rights Review
WASHINGTON - US
activists in Geneva observing the government’s first-ever review by the
UN’s top human rights body said the government failed to convince the
world of its positive human rights record.
“If the US government
delegation’s objective was to reclaim the mantel of global human rights
leadership, it failed miserably in that effort,” said Ajamu Baraka,
Executive Director of the US Human Rights Network (USHRN), immediately after
observing the US review.
“What we heard instead was an
eloquent defense of US ‘exceptionalism’ – its view of itself
as somehow having a ‘special status’ that does not require it to
conform to internationally recognized human rights norms and standards.”
“On the positive side, it was
gratifying to see the constant drumbeat of criticism from the international
community over issues US activists have been raising for years - such as the
continued use of the death penalty, racial discrimination, the lack of a US
national human rights institution to monitor domestic human rights practice,
and the lack of treaty ratification.”
“Fortunately, the US will not be
able to dismiss these criticisms as mere ‘political rhetoric’ by
its ‘enemies’. The criticism came from a host of states, including
US allies such as the UK, France, Australia, and Switzerland.”
UN Human Rights Council’s “Universal Periodic Review” is the
most important review of a countries’ human rights record by the
47-member Council. Every UN member state is obliged to submit to review
every four years.
The US Human Rights Network (USHRN),
which represents over 300 civil and human rights groups in the US, sent a
delegation to Geneva for the review.
Human rights concerns raised
consistently during the review of the US record, among others, were:
continued use of the death penalty;
disparities in the US criminal justice system;
sentencing of child offenders to life without the possibility of parole;
- the US
failure to ratify key international treaties, such as the Convention on
the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of
Discrimination Against Women, and the International Covenant on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. The US is one of only two countries in the
world not to have ratified the Child Right Convention, with Somalia.
“It was clear to all in those
listening that the US is not meeting the minimum requirements set forth by the international
community when it comes to the human rights of its people – let alone
being able to claim the mantel of being a global ‘human rights
leader,’” said Ajamu Baraka.
“The US delegation, upon its
return home, needs to ensure that this government buckles down to work and
engages in a real, constructive process to fix the human rights problems in the
US based on the recommendations they heard today.”
The US Human Rights Network was formed to promote US accountability to universal human rights standards by building linkages between organizations and individuals. The Network strives to build a human rights culture in the United States that puts those directly affected by human rights violations, with a special emphasis on grassroots organizations and social movements, in a central leadership role. The Network also works towards connecting the US human rights movement with the broader US social justice movement and human rights movements around the world.