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Pakistan Spends Double Paying Off Debt Than It Gets in Flood Aid
Oxfam calls on Friends of Democratic Pakistan to drop the debt
WASHINGTON - October 15 - The international aid agency Oxfam today called for Pakistan’s $55bn debt to be dropped. Oxfam said that the debt must be cancelled because of the level of destruction caused by the recent unprecedented flooding and the massive costs of immediate relief and longer term reconstruction. The call comes in advance of the Friends of Democratic Pakistan meeting today (Friday 15 October) in Brussels, when Foreign Ministers will address the country’s short and long term needs.
Pakistan will pay $2.9bn this year on servicing foreign debts. So far, governments have committed $1.5bn to the relief effort. Rebuilding is way behind schedule and millions are homeless. Some two and a half months since the floods struck the UN Appeal is only one-third funded. Rebuilding the country will require a huge injection of funds. The Pakistan government has estimated that reconstruction may cost as much as $45bn.
Some countries, including France, Japan, South Korea and China – all members of the Friends of Democratic Pakistan – have received more money from Pakistan than they have given in response to the flooding. France received $62m in debt payments in the first nine months of the last financial year, more than 15 times its direct contribution to the flood response. Japan received $111m, more than five times its contribution to the response. South Korea received four times as much, and China three times as much.
Consuelo Lopez-Zuriaga, Oxfam Head of Humanitarian Campaigns, said,
“Any rational person will see this as madness and maddening. It is a
moral and economic absurdity that while poverty-struck people in
Pakistan are struggling to put their lives back together much richer
countries like France and Japan are receiving vast sums of money in debt
“The debt burden cannot be allowed to impede the relief and reconstruction efforts. Pakistan needs aid and its debts dropped so that families can get back to their land and rebuild their homes and their lives.
“Pakistan’s debt has doubled in the past four years alone and the government is currently spending more than four times as much per person on servicing external debt as it is on healthcare.
“Even before the floods, poverty in parts of Pakistan was dire. Almost one in ten children die before their fifth birthday. Teenage girls in the Federally Administered Tribal Provinces are more likely to die in childbirth than learn to read. And now more than 10,000 schools and 500 hospitals need to be rebuilt.
“If funds that are desperately needed for emergency aid and reconstruction are swallowed up in debt repayments, then Pakistan could face a poverty boom. The choice is clear – either we roll back debt or development suffers.”