The reason, Columbia University Law School professor Tim Wu argued in an op-ed for the New York Times on Tuesday, is that the influence of corporations and the donor class on the American political system has drowned out the policy desires of the public.
"Call it the oppression of the supermajority. Ignoring what most of the country wants—as much as demagogy and political divisiveness—is what is making the public so angry."
—Tim Wu, Columbia University
"In our era, it is primarily Congress that prevents popular laws from being passed or getting serious consideration. (Holding an occasional hearing does not count as 'doing something')," Wu wrote. "Entire categories of public policy options are effectively off-limits because of the combined influence of industry groups and donor interests."
To bolster his argument, Wu rattled off a number of policies that—despite polling extremely well among large, bipartisan swaths of the American public—have not garnered enough support among lawmakers to pass Congress.
"About 75 percent of Americans favor higher taxes for the ultra-wealthy. The idea of a federal law that would guarantee paid maternity leave attracts 67 percent support," Wu noted. "Eighty-three percent favor strong net neutrality rules for broadband, and more than 60 percent want stronger privacy laws. Seventy-one percent think we should be able to buy drugs imported from Canada, and 92 percent want Medicare to negotiate for lower drug prices. The list goes on."
What's amazing about about this argument is how rarely it's made. Normally it's "Americans are so divided." Or "the left is fighting itself." But @superwuster is right: Americans agree on many big things. Basic democracy demands radical political change. https://t.co/9eOP6kbm5t
— Felicia Wong (@FeliciaWongRI) March 5, 2019
Since the election of President Donald Trump in 2016, Congress has in many cases done the opposite of what most Americans want by slashing taxes on the rich, failing to restore net neutrality rules, and attempting to strip healthcare from millions of Americans.
"The defining political fact of our time is not polarization. It's the inability of even large bipartisan majorities to get what they want on issues like these," argued Wu. "Call it the oppression of the supermajority. Ignoring what most of the country wants—as much as demagogy and political divisiveness—is what is making the public so angry."
Wu's contention that the "combined influence" of the donor class and big business is significantly responsible for Congress' refusal to enact popular policies matches the conclusion of a 2014 study (pdf) by political scientists Martin Gilens and Benjamin Page, who found that in the United States, "the majority does not rule—at least not in the causal sense of actually determining policy outcomes."
"When a majority of citizens disagrees with economic elites or with organized interests, they generally lose," Gilens and Page wrote. "Moreover, because of the strong status quo bias built into the U.S. political system, even when fairly large majorities of Americans favor policy change, they generally do not get it."
With the 2020 elections rapidly approaching, Wu concluded that "we need to talk more openly about which candidates are most likely to deliver the economic policies that the supermajority wants."
Though many popular and bold progressive ideas have previously been—and still are—dismissed as fringe and impractical by pundits and members of Congress, major Democratic presidential candidates like Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Kamala Harris (D-Calif.), and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) have each expressed support for Medicare for All and a Green New Deal.
But no 2020 contenders have committed to killing the Senate filibuster, which critics have characterized as an anti-democratic relic that—if left in place—would make big-ticket progressive agenda items virtually impossible to pass.
"Many are talking about big progressive plans. All are empty promises while the filibuster lives," said Ezra Levin, co-founder of the progressive advocacy group Indivisible.