The Arctic is to become the "new environmental
battleground", campaigners warned yesterday after BP announced plans to
drill in one of the last great unspoilt wildernesses on earth.
Greenpeace and the World Wide Fund for Nature
(WWF) have vowed to confront BP's American boss, Bob Dudley, over the
agreement with the Russian state-owned oil giant Rosneft to explore the
Kara Sea, north of Siberia. The British energy
firm was branded the world's "environmental villain number one" by
Friends of the Earth (FoE) yesterday in response to its move to exploit
potential oil reserves in the remote waters.
are dismayed that BP, which announced the deal on Friday night, has
decided to set up rigs in an area of great biodiversity
and treacherous weather conditions. The region is one of the few
remaining havens left for a number of endangered species, including
polar bears, walruses and beluga whales.
And while the waters of the Kara Sea are relatively unexplored, they
are known to house key fish species such as halibut, capelin and Arctic
The controversial decision to open the area up to oil drilling
comes after the Deepwater Horizon rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico
last April. The disaster wrecked BP's reputation, and campaigners are
concerned that the remote Arctic is even more susceptible to
Speaking to The Independent on Sunday
yesterday, Mike Childs, FoE's head of climate change, said: "BP, a
number of years ago, were positioning themselves to be the greenest of
the oil companies, promising to go 'beyond petroleum'. This latest move
positions them quite nicely as environmental villain number one, given
the huge impact they had in the Gulf of Mexico as well."
oil giant "cannot be trusted" to drill oil in difficult waters, and any
oil spill would be "completely catastrophic". He added: "The Arctic
should be a no-go for fossil fuel extraction as it's one of the few
pristine environments we have left. It's very fragile and we should be
looking at ways to protect it, not seemingly trying to find ways of
Dax Lovegrove, head of business
and industry relations at WWF-UK, said: "Oil spill response plans in the
Arctic are even less adequate than we saw in the Gulf of Mexico. There
is less infrastructure, like equipment to ring-fence oil spills and
ships to skim off oil on the surface of the water."
have previously complained about BP's work with Rosneft off Sakhalin
Island in the north Pacific. WWF believes that the companies' constant
seismic surveying has caused noise pollution harmful to the last 130
western grey whales, only 30 of which are female. Mr Lovegrove added
that WWF will be "in direct contact" with Mr Dudley and Rosneft's
president Eduard Khudainatov and reviewing its campaigning tactics in
light of the deal.
Greenpeace is even more
damning of the deal, which also sees BP and Rosneft take shares in each
other worth a total of £10bn. Senior climate change campaigner Ben
Ayliffe pointed out that the Greenland government last year refused to
allow BP to drill in its Arctic waters.
Kara Sea is pretty much virgin territory," Mr Ayliffe said. "It's bad
news. BP has a pretty average record of safety recently. We don't know
if they've learnt anything from Deepwater Horizon."
Greenpeace spokesman warned yesterday that an oil spill in the Kara Sea
could take nine months to clear up. "Imagine that same scenario in the
Arctic where are thousands of miles from anywhere, where the drilling
season is three or four months long. If you get a leak at the end of
that cycle it could run for nine months before you could get back in the
next year to try to stop it," said Chris Kronick.
is also pressing ahead with its joint venture partner Husky Energy in a
$2.5bn project in Alberta, Canada. This involves extracting oil from
what is known as tar sands, a difficult operation that releases high
volumes of greenhouse gases.
Mr Ayliffe hinted
that Greenpeace will campaign heavily on exploitation of the Arctic in
2011. "These two ventures mean it doesn't look like the leopard is
changing its spots. After tar sands, BP is going into some of the
planet's most pristine wilderness. Questions need to be asked of BP,
like why should they be investing shareholders' money in such areas
after spending $20bn on Deepwater Horizon."
costs of the clean-up and compensation in the Gulf of Mexico are
expected to reach at least $40bn. The anger over the disaster in the US
has convinced BP that its best hopes for growth lie east rather than
The Government moved quickly to show its
support for the Rosneft deal. The Energy Secretary, Chris Huhne,
attended the signing of the agreement and welcomed the move. He said:
"BP, as we all know, is coming out of a difficult period in its history,
but this partnership shows that BP is very much open for business."
Huhne was accused of betraying his principles by environmentalists.
"This is supposed to be the greenest government ever and the Lib Dems in
particular have actively pitched for the green vote for years. They are
U-turning on the principles they claim to have," said Spencer
Fitzgibbon, Green Party spokesman.
Childs said: "It is disturbing that Chris Huhne is not too worried about
the potential environmental impact on one of the most fragile
environments in the world."
BP boss Bob Dudley
has sought to convince the media and environmentalists that BP is now a
much safer company. On Friday he said: "BP is sharing the lessons we
learnt around the world. You will see BP take these lessons into the
heart of the company."
A BP spokesman said that
it would be meeting environmental groups to address their concerns. But
US congressman Ed Markey called for a review of the deal.
following the largest oil spill in US history, and potentially billions
of dollars in fines outstanding, the Russian Bear is apparently bullish
about BP," said Mr Markey. "BP once stood for British Petroleum. With
this deal, it now stands for Bolshoi Petroleum."
BP and Rosneft: The main players
BP chief executive
The Russian-speaking American succeeded Tony Hayward as BP boss.
Former chief executive
Terrible with the media during the spill, but started early talks with Rosneft.
The Government needed to give tacit approval as deal is vital for energy security.
Became president of the state-run oil group in September.
Russia's deputy premier
Russia's Prime Minister
Dudley has had to make his peace with Putin, after he was forced to flee Russia over BP's joint venture with TNK.