PORT-AU-PRINCE – Medical teams Friday desperately sought to
contain a cholera outbreak in Haiti that has killed more than 300
people, with thousands of patients overwhelming hospitals in the
affected central regions.
One week after cholera was confirmed in Haiti for the first time in
decades, the death rate is slowing, but 305 people have lost their lives
and close to 5,000 people have been infected. Officials warn it could
be years before it is eradicated.
Clinics were operating beyond capacity around the Artibonite River,
which is carrying the deadly cholera bacteria across the country to the
Caribbean coast at Saint Marc, the outbreak's epicenter some 60 miles
(100 kilometers) north of Port-au-Prince.
Patients were stretched out on the floor of a radiology department
in Saint-Marc, and a five-bed maternity center, ill-equipped to treat
the virulent diarrheal disease, housed 300 patients.
The source of the outbreak remains unclear, although the UN
peacekeeping force MINUSTAH is probing claims its septic tanks leaked
into the Artibonite river and contaminated it with fecal bacteria.
At the Charles Colimon hospital in Petite Riviere, a small community
along the Artibonite, up to 400 patients were packed in every available
space -- in the corridors, on floors and in tents surrounding the
Residents in this rural town rely heavily on the infected river for
their daily chores. The low-lying land is water-logged and irrigation
ditches from the river run right past homes where people wash and cook.
Men in yellow overalls with canisters of disinfectant strapped to
their back sprayed the floor between the hospital beds -- crude wood
slabs on short posts with holes cut in the middle and buckets of waste
Patients washed their hands with freshly cut lemons, believing this
would help disinfect them. Aid agencies and the Haitian government are
urging further steps to prevent the outbreak's spread, with
anti-bacterial lotion and tools to prepare food without infected water.
Although easily treated, cholera has a short incubation period --
sometimes just a few hours -- and causes acute watery diarrhea that can
quickly lead to severe dehydration and death. Scene: Haitians drinking
water from infected river
Oral solutions and packets of rehydration salts were handed out at a
local pharmacy to patients suffering from the earlier stages of the
"If people are hydrated quick enough, they can be treated easily,"
said Waking Jean-Baptiste, a doctor liaising between the international
medical agency Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and local staff at Charles
"The problem is we only have one ambulance, for the whole region, so
we hear reports that there are many sick people who cannot reach the
hospital," he told AFP. "Without treatment, someone can die in as little
as eight hours after infection."
He said some 25 deaths were reported in Petite Riviere in the first
days of the outbreak earlier this month, but there has only been one
since MSF arrived.
Earlier this week the group's field coordinator for Saint-Marc,
Federica Nogarotto, voiced optimism that the epidemic was being
Fewer severe cases suggests "people are taking precautions and that
there is a greater understanding in the community of the need to
maintain strict hygiene and to seek medical assistance at the first sign
of symptoms," she said.
But the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned the outbreak is
far from over and Haiti should prepare for the disease to hit its
capital and the teeming tent cities.
WHO cholera chief Claire-Lise Chaignat recommended Haitian
authorities prepare for the "worst case scenario" -- cholera in the
Some 1.3 million people displaced by the 7.0 magnitude earthquake on
January 12 are still packed into thousands of squalid tent camps in
Port-au-Prince, and aid agencies warn that cholera could spread like
wildfire in such conditions.
Fear of the disease is turning to anger here, as Haitians begin to
blame foreign aid workers and peacekeepers for the deadly outbreak.
The installation of a vital treatment center in Saint-Marc had to be
halted on Wednesday after hundreds of residents confronted doctors and
aid workers, fueled by fear the facility would spread cholera to two