The global aid group Oxfam says the world's poorest
countries are missing out on aid earmarked for climate change programs
at the expense of emerging superpowers China, India and Brazil.
Oxfam's analysis finds one-third of international money
aimed at climate programs went to the three major emerging nations,
while the world's poorest 49 countries got just one-eighth.
The findings come from an Oxfam briefing analysing
climate change aid controlled by the Global Environment Facility between
1991 and 2010.
The poorest 49 countries were given $450 million in
climate aid out of $3.5 billion available. China, India and Brazil
received $1.2 billion between them from the same pool.
Oxfam Australia's climate change adviser, Kelly Dent,
said ''poor countries are feeling the worst impacts of climate change
but are not getting their fair share of current climate finance". The
briefing found just 7.5 per cent of climate change aid helped countries
adapt for the impact of climate change, while 83 per cent of climate
finance went towards mitigating carbon emissions.
That means only $220 million was spent on national
climate change adaptation plans, such as drought-proofing crops,
although $2 billion was needed.
Oxfam said climate aid was controlled by 20 funds and
programs, but a single entity needed to be set up by United Nations