In 2002, when Omar Khadr was a teenager, he
followed his father on to the battlefields of Afghanistan, inspired by
jihadist literature calling on Muslims to fight a holy war against
Eight years after his capture by American forces
and his rehabilitation at Guantanamo Bay, the 23-year-old's wide reading
tastes now include JK Rowling's stories about a British schoolboy who
finds himself caught up in his own battle against the powers of evil.
Khadr's transformation from child soldier to bibliophile shows how much
he has grown up since his childhood days playing with the family of
Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. Today he is charged with war crimes
against America at a trial before a military commission in a courtroom
in Guantanamo Bay. He is accused of killing an American soldier with a
hand grenade, and the US government appears determined to convict him.
His lawyers, who have spent many hours in his
company, describe him as a "very gracious" young man who wants to show
the world how much he has changed. Given his family background, however,
that won't be easy.
The Khadr children had a
strict Islamic upbringing in Pakistan before moving to Canada in 1992.
Four years later, Omar's father moved them to Jalalabad, Afghanistan,
where they often visited Osama bin Laden's compound. In 2003, his father
– an alleged al-Qa'ida financier – was killed by Pakistani forces in a
shoot-out near the Afghanistan border. Omar's younger brother
Abdulkareem was left a paraplegic in the same battle. His older brother
Abdullah, now 29, returned to Canada in 2005. He was arrested and faces
extradition to the US on terrorism charges.
white uniform that Mr Khadr wore to court on Monday shows that the
Americans believe the man they accuse of war crimes is a model prisoner:
detainees who refuse to co-operate must wear different coloured
Mr Khadr enjoys lenient treatment at
the communal facility of Camp 4 on the south-east side of the island
where detainees can mix outdoors with one another for up to 20 hours a
day, and have access to an exercise yard for two hours a day. There is
also a television room where films, nature programmes and highlights of
international football games are shown. This is a world away from his
earlier detention. He was first held in an interrogation centre in
Bagram in Afghanistan. He claims he was abused and threatened with rape
and death, and alleges that US soldiers once used him as a human mop to
clean the floor because he had urinated on himself.
he spends his time in the camp library and running around the compound,
but blames inadequate training shoes for a debilitating ankle injury.
He also complains of back pains and is still worried about his left eye
which was almost completely blinded in the battle in which he was
A member of the Canadian foreign
affairs office who visited Mr Khadr at Guantanamo in 2008 reported in a
subsequently leaked document that the detainee chose to sleep on the
floor rather than in his bed because of his back pains and the stomach
aches which he claims are caused by the American shrapnel still inside
his body. "He joked that it was the shrapnel which constantly set off
the metal detector when being frisked going in and out of Camp Iguana
[the facility where detainees meet visitors and lawyers]," the Canadian
Despite his rehabilitation,
however, Guantanamo remains a frustrating place to live. This was
demonstrated recently when the camp guards refused to give Mr Khadr a
pillow because of security fears.
report concluded that this incident was difficult to justify, especially
as Mr Khadr is "salvageable", "non-radicalised" and a "good kid".
According to the Canadians, Mr Khadr believes he is a victim of his
upbringing and seeks to redirect his life. "He said that he is in
Guantanamo because of his family and that he wants another chance," the
author wrote. He wants to train for a job that will allow him to play a
useful role in society by helping others."
on Monday, the court was shown another side of Omar Khadr that betrayed
his residual hostility towards the West. In a video screened at his
tribunal, Mr Khadr is seen telling Guantanamo Bay guards trying to weigh
him for the International Red Cross "God will take... revenge" on the
US. "I am here in prison, but there are millions of people outside," he
says in the clip from May 2006. "What's happening to you is not for
In an affidavit from February 2008, Mr
Khadr alleged guards mistreated him during the weighing session,
claiming they "pressed on my pressure points". But the clip appears to
show guards acting with restraint as they push him toward the scale and
point out all other detainees were weighed without protest. "Come on
man, it's not that bad," said one after Mr Khadr claimed the treatment
was a "very small example of what's really going on" at the facility.
"We're not doing this to hurt you, torture you," adds another, while
explaining his weight was needed for his health records.
Mr Khadr spent 20 minutes resisting the guards, the tape hinted he had
been playing to the camera as he switched from the English to Arabic in
order to speak to fellow detainees in nearby cells. His Canadian lawyer,
Dennis Edney, argued that his protests were the "peevish" behaviour of a
young man whose manly appearance belied his juvenile mental state.
The first prisoners arriving at Guantanamo Bay in January 2002 were
shackled and made to wear orange jumpsuits. The specially built Camp
X-Ray detention centre was so rudimentary that prisoners were forced to
live in outdoor cages. Detainees were mostly kept in solitary
confinement with very limited opportunities for exercise. Interrogation
teams were also authorised to carry out torture techniques, including
* Conditions at Guantanamo began
to ease before Barack Obama's election. Camp X-Ray was closed down after
only a few months in 2002 so detainees could be separated into groups
based on their security risks. The most compliant detainees are housed
in Camp 4 where they enjoy communal living, regular exercise, a variety
of meals and the chance to watch films and play sports. Less
co-operative suspects are still held in isolation. But almost all of
them have been in Guantanamo for more than eight years without charge.