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BP's $20 Billion Spill Fund Echoes in Bhopal Justice Cry

Krittivas Mukherjee

A child wearing a mask holds a banner in front of a burring mock pyre during a protest organised by Sadhbavana Adhikar Manch, a Non-Governmental Organisation, against the Bhopal gas disaster verdict in Bhopal June 15, 2010. (Credit: Reuters/Raj Patidar/Files)

Indian activists seeking justice in the
Bhopal gas tragedy, the world's worst industrial disaster, are accusing
the United States of "double standards", saying it was punishing firms
polluting American soil but ignoring their mistakes abroad.

The Obama administration on Wednesday pushed oil giants BP Plc to agree
a $20 billion fund to pay damages for a massive oil spill in the Gulf
of Mexico that has threatened fishing and tourism and killed birds and
marine life.

That fund has
ignited calls in India for Washington to show similar accountability
for U.S. firm Union Carbide. Its Indian factory in Bhopal leaked a
poisonous gas 26 years ago, killing 3,500 people.

Activists say 25,000 people died in the immediate aftermath and ensuing
years. Former chairman of Union Carbide, Warren Anderson, who lives in
the United States, has been classified as an absconder in the case by
an Indian court.

The first
convictions in the disaster came this month, a quarter century late,
partly due to India's slow-moving justice system. The verdict -- 2
years jail and small fines for Union Carbide's seven Indian employees
-- has sparked outrage in India.

Activists of Bhopal Group for Information and Action (BGIA) said on
Thursday while BP Plc was made to set up a damage claims fund within
two months of the oil spill, victims of the Bhopal disaster have had no
"real justice".

"You (Obama) hold
the corporate accountable in your country but why is it that you are
not holding American companies responsible for what they do abroad?"
BGIA's Rachna Dhingra said.

"If this is not double standards, what is?" she told Reuters.

Activists have called on the Obama administration to ensure more
compensation for the victims and cleanup of the Bhopal site.

Dow Chemical,
which owns Union Carbide, denies any responsibility saying it bought
the company a decade after Union Carbide had settled its liabilities
with the Indian government in 1989 by paying $470 million for the


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Activists and health workers say 100,000 people who were exposed to the gas continue to suffer today.

Sicknesses range from cancer, blindness, respiratory difficulties
immune and neurological disorders, female reproductive disorders as
well as birth defects among children.

"My only request to the U.S. government is that as they are learning
from their pain, they should share that pain and understand the pain of
other countries," Sunita Narain, head of New Delhi-based Centre for
Science and Environment said.

While the "very light punishment" in the Bhopal case has become a
lightning rod for calls to reform the country's judicial system, it has
also led to calls to inquire into how Anderson was able to leave India
and charges of political conspiracy.

India's Congress party, which heads the ruling coalition, faces
potential embarrassment in the case as the party was in power when the
accident happened.

In the light
of public outrage after the verdict, the government has set up a
ministerial panel to look into issues of compensation, justice and
pursuing the extradition of Anderson.

(Editing by Alistair Scrutton)


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