President Obama's urgent plea for more spending on the economy ran into
the political buzz saw of the Senate on Tuesday, where Democratic
leaders began chopping apart an aid package for unemployed workers and
state governments in an effort to lessen its impact on the deficit.
The slimmed-down measure was still evolving late Tuesday. But Senate
Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (Nev.) was trying to salvage one of
Obama's top priorities -- $24 billion to avert the layoffs of state
workers -- by scaling back other pieces of the sprawling package,
including a provision to postpone a scheduled pay cut for doctors who
see Medicare patients. Instead of postponing the cut until 2012, Reid
is considering protecting doctors only through the rest of this year.
Reid also took aim at jobless benefits, which some Democrats
complained may be too generous in a time of economic recovery. While
the revised package would extend emergency benefits through the end of
November, aides said it also would take $25 out of the weekly checks
received by 15 million unemployed workers, repealing a payment boost
first approved in last year's economic stimulus package.
Those changes were aimed at slicing billions of dollars from the
overall cost of the package and attracting the support of moderates in
both parties who objected to the original price tag. According to the
nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, the original measure would
have increased deficits by $80 billion over the next decade.
It was unclear Tuesday whether the leaner package would win the 60
votes needed to avert a Republican filibuster and push the measure to
passage. Senate leaders planned to stage a vote Wednesday that would
permit senators to go on record in opposition to the larger package,
but senior Democratic aides said the ultimate fate of the legislation
"It's going to be manipulated and worked over and dealt with," said
Sen. Jon Tester (D-Mont.), who came up with the idea to trim
unemployment checks. "But as it goes forward," he said, "we've got to
look for ways to save money."
Advocates for the unemployed bemoaned the proposed cut in benefits,
saying $25 is a big bite from checks that average $309 a month.
"It's shocking what their priorities are," said Maurice Emsellem,
policy co-director at the nonprofit National Employment Law Project,
noting that there are no apparent efforts to similarly scale back
provisions that would extend expired tax breaks for businesses and
individuals, adding $32 billion to the package. "Unemployment is still
close to 10 percent, and there's no indication that it's coming down
If approved, the package would represent a significant down payment
on Obama's request for additional federal cash to bolster a
still-fragile economic recovery. On Saturday, the president sent a
letter to congressional leaders pleading for more spending to avert
"massive layoffs" at the state and local level, even as policymakers
begin planning to reduce deficits that have soared to their highest
levels since World War II when compared with the size of the economy.
Democratic leaders agree with those goals. But with midterm
elections approaching and public anxiety about deficits rising, many
rank-and-file Democrats are increasingly unwilling to support
additional deficit spending.
On Tuesday, the House approved another piece of Obama's job-creation
agenda, voting 247-170 to approve a small package of tax cuts for small
businesses that would not increase the deficit.
Other concerns were hanging up the Senate jobs bill Tuesday. Several
moderate senators are dissatisfied with a plan to increase taxes on
hedge fund managers and other partnerships whose profits are taxed at
the lower capital gains rate, rather than as regular income. Sen.
Olympia Snowe (Maine.), one of several Republicans whose support is
being sought for the package, said she remains concerned that the
measure also would increase taxes on certain small businesses.