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McClatchy Newspapers

BP Looks to Profit from Oil Salvaged from Gushing Well

BP, Feds Could Make Millions from Runaway Well's Oil

Erika Bolstad

BP Chief Executive Tony Hayward listens during a news conference in London February 2, 2010. If the gusher in the gulf can be contained, all the oil that BP is able to siphon off will be sold at market. "It's exactly the same as if it's normally produced oil," BP spokesman Graham MacEwen said. (Reuters)

WASHINGTON - BP's runaway deepwater well could
still become a moneymaker for the company, even as it tries to stem the
gush of crude oil that's fouling the Gulf of Mexico.

If the current containment effort works - and BP
and the government say they're optimistic that it will - the oil giant
will salvage much of the oil that's now spewing from the crumpled pipes
on the ocean floor. That captured oil, McClatchy estimates, could
generate more than $1.4 million in revenue for BP each day.

the oil is piped to the surface to the drill ship Discoverer Enterprise,
it will be processed and sent by tanker to a refinery to be sold.

"It's exactly the same as if it's normally produced oil," BP
spokesman Graham MacEwen said.

Based on government estimates of
the flow rate, the mangled well could produce oil valued at as much as
$85 million over the next 60 days, until a relief well is complete and
the well is capped permanently.

The people who own the deepwater
site that's leased to BP - U.S. taxpayers - could see a more modest
windfall. The Treasury could be due as much as $328,125 in royalties
daily, or $19 million total over 60 days. Further, under its lease BP
also must pay royalties on the oil lost in the spill, which would mean
another $13.5 million.

McClatchy's calculation uses a government
tally of 25,000 barrels flowing from the well each day and the 18.75
percent royalty rate applicable to oil from the BP well, and assumes
that oil is selling at an average of $70 a barrel. Thursday's spot price
hovered around $74.

The money that's due Uncle Sam and the added
new revenue for BP from capturing the leaking oil raise many questions
about the financial penalties that could be levied when something goes
badly wrong with a deepwater oil well.

They also underscore the
need for accurate measurements of how much oil has been flowing from the
BP well since the disaster, a measurement that President Barack Obama
acknowledged last week that the government was too slow to develop

It remains unclear how much oil can be captured. An
effort to cut the damaged pipe with a more precise diamond saw failed
Wednesday, and underwater robots instead made a cruder cut Thursday with
shears. So instead of the tight-fitting device the company hoped to
use, it's installing a looser-fitting top hat containment dome.

oil executives continue to be optimistic about capturing most of the
oil once the dome is in place, said U.S. Coast Guard Adm. Thad Allen,
the national incident commander for the Deepwater Horizon spill

"In a perfect world, we want an absolute seal, where you
put two pipes together with flanges, and you bolt it so there's
absolutely no way where anything can escape," Allen said. "When you're
dealing with these rubber seals and an irregular fit, there's a chance
that the pressure of the oil going up through the pipe will be more than
the pipe can tolerate at a particular time and would spill over and
maybe get out through the seals."

Getting a tally on the amount of
oil that's flowing has been difficult. BP initially said the rate was
1,000 barrels a day. The government-appointed Flow Rate Technical Group
put the rate at 12,000 to 25,000 barrels a day. Attaching the pumping
apparatus probably would increase the flow by 20 percent.


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when we start producing it to the ship, we will be able to more
accurately tell what the rate is, but at the moment we can't tell," BP's
MacEwen said. "We're pretty confident it will take the vast majority of
the oil, but we can't be absolutely sure."

The Minerals
Management Service wouldn't say whether BP will pay royalties to the U.S
government on the oil if it's successfully captured and sent to a
refinery for processing, but oil and gas lawyers and other experts in
the field said there was no reason the company wouldn't pay the fees.

one in five barrels "is U.S. taxpayers' oil," said David Pursell, a
managing director with the Houston-based energy investment and merchant
bank Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co.

BP's revenue from the
crippled well is only a fraction of the cost of mopping up oil-soaked
marshes and beaches, compensating fishermen and other business owners
for lost business, and operating some of the world's most sophisticated
underwater robotics in an effort to contain the spill.

BP already
has paid out an estimated $1 billion, and this week the government
ordered it to spend an additional $360 million to construct six barrier
islands to prevent oil from reaching the Louisiana shoreline.

will the revenue come close to the billions of dollars in value the
publically traded company has lost as its stock has dropped 34 percent
since the April 20 explosion.

Estimating the size of the spill has
financial consequences for BP. From the day the rig exploded and killed
11 people, the company has underestimated how much oil is spewing from
the broken well.

Accurate measurements are important because
they're used as evidence when federal investigators consider fines and
if juries impose damages on BP for the spill. BP also is responsible for
paying royalties for each barrel of oil lost, and the measurements are
needed to calculate the money that's due the government.

officials continue to refine their estimates, said Jane Lubchenco, the
administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

administration understands - for environmental, legal and financial
reasons - how important it is to get good measurement of the flow rate,"
she said Wednesday.

So far, BP hasn't agreed with the estimates
developed by the Flow Rate Technical Group, although the company has
acknowledged that its initial estimates probably were low. When a riser
insertion tool was in use last month before the company tried the "top
kill" remedy that failed to shut down the well, BP collected about 5,000
barrels of oil daily. In total, the well produced 22,000 barrels.

matter what, it owes the U.S. government, said Rep. Nick Rahall,
D-W.Va., the chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee. He sent a
letter Thursday to the Justice Department calling for it to recover any
lost royalties.

The lost oil and gas "could end up costing
taxpayers tens of millions of dollars in uncollected revenue," Rahall
said. "I urge the department to take whatever legal action might be
necessary to recoup these damages on behalf of the American public."

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