REYKJAVIK – A violent volcanic
eruption in Iceland spewed clouds of ash into the air for a second day
Thursday, blanketing large parts of the Nordic country in the
potentially toxic dust and disrupting air traffic across northern
"This is an explosive eruption. That means there's lots
of volcanic ash," volcanologist Armann Hoeskuldsson of the University
of Iceland told AFP.
"The situation is critical," he said,
pointing to massive flooding and the danger of ash poisoning for
animals in the surrounding area.
Iceland's second eruption in
less than a month under the Eyjafjallajokull glacier in the south of
the country began at around 1:00 am (0100 GMT) Wednesday.
700 and 800 people were evacuated from their homes in the remote area
125 kilometres (75 miles) east of Reykjavik, as melted glacier water
caused severe flooding.
All evacuees had been allowed to return
home by Thursday, local police chief Kjartan Thorkelsson told AFP,
adding that authorities had however "encourage people who live near the
eruption to wear masks to prevent them from breathing in volcanic ash
"Everyone is now back home and the rescue centre has been closed," he said, adding that no people or animals had been hurt.
the ice and water mixed with the hot magma, plumes of ash and smoke
stacked more than 20,000 feet (6,000 metres) into the sky.
winds then swept a massive cloud of ash over the southeast of Iceland
and onto norther Europe, forcing most of northern Europe to shut its
airspace Thursday because of the risk from volcanic ash, which can
damage aircraft engines as well as cut visibility.
never seen anything like this!" 86-year-old retired farmer Vilhjalmur
Eyjolfsson said of the thick layer of ash that now covers his home near
the small village of Vik, to the southeast of the volcano.
"There is gray ash all over and it is like a heavy snow of ash," Eyjolfsson told AFP.
Farmer tells of Iceland volcano blast
People calmly left their homes.
said they had practiced so many times leaving their homes, that their
suitcases were always packed, due to the volcano risk," said an AFP
photographer at the scene, describing how a "humungous waterfall gushed
from a hole in the glacier" when the flooding began.
According to experts the eruption under Eyjafjallajokull could last anywhere from a few days to over a year.
is very variable how long these eruptions last," Magnus Tumi
Gudmundsson, a professor of geophysics and civil protection advisor,
"Judging from the intensity of this one, it could last a long time," he added.
Jonsson of the Iceland Meteorological Office said one eruption about
100 years ago lasted for a whole year and the latest one could be the
same, while adding: "It could also stop in two or three weeks, like a
few other similar eruptions have."
Kjetil Toerseth, who heads up the regional and global pollution division at the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, agreed.
"Historically, most eruptions (in Iceland) don't last forever," he told AFP.
one had a very slow start and had a stronger eruption and I would
assume that in the days to come it would fall back to a lower level,"
he said, stressing that he was not a geologist.
Last month, the first eruption at the Eyjafjallajokull glacier forced 600 people from their homes in the same area.
eruption, the first under that glacier since 1823 and Iceland's first
since 2004, gushed lava for more than three weeks and ended Tuesday,
hours before the second one occurred.
The eruption in March
"was an effusive one. It was just lava flow and beautiful to watch, and
steady," volcanologist Hoeskuldsson said.
"This one is
explosive, spewing ash and practically impossible to watch ... since
it's in the ice and you can't approach it ... It's heavily dangerous,"
On the bright side, he said the eruption was "stable" and would last "hopefully not more than two or three days."
Ice and fire: recent eruptions in Iceland
of the Iceland Meteorological Office meanwhile said flight disruptions
across Europe would likely last "at least 48 hours."
will be turning from the North during the weekend, so that should bring
the ash clouds further south, so it will probably be better in
Scandinavia but the problems might persist in Britain and Ireland
Saturday and Sunday," he told AFP.
However, Iceland's main
airport Keflavik, to the west, "and all other airports in Iceland are
open today," Hjordis Gudmundsdottir of the Icelandic Airport Authority
"It's amazing really," she said.
Volcanoes are notorious hazard for air travel
Iceland Air spokesman Gudjon Arngrimsson said that at least "afternoon flights to the US will be on schedule."
Road traffic around the volcano remained heavily disrupted.
main road to Reykjavik is cracked and there is no traffic at the
moment, but hopefully it will be reopened today," Gudmundsson said.
Roads to the east were "all blocked due to thick ash. You can't see."