PHNOM PENH - The Khmer Rouge's
executioner-in-chief, the prison boss allegedly responsible for the
torture and murder of more than 12,000 people, has made a final plea
before an international court, asking that he be allowed to meet his
victims' families to apologise in person.
Eav, known as Comrade Duch, told the Extraordinary Chamber of the
Courts of Cambodia in Phnom Penh yesterday that he took full
responsibility for the torture and the murders that occurred at his
"I am solely and individually responsible
for the loss of at least 12,380 lives,'' he said. ''These people before
their deaths have endured great and prolonged suffering and countless
indignities. I still and forever wish most respectful and humble
apologies to the dead souls.
"As for the families, I
[am] asking you to kindly leave your door open for me to make my
apologies. May I meet with you to allow me to share your intense and
enduring sorrow any time in order to express my most excruciating
But, dressed in a carefully ironed blue
shirt, the bespectacled former high-school mathematics teacher spoke
calmly and coldly, his evidence littered with casual references to
people being "smashed" and "the wishes of the party".
Cambodians, the controversial tribunal, established in 2006 after
nearly a decade of negotiations between Cambodia and the United
Nations, is the last chance to find justice for the Khmer Rouge's
As head of Tuol Sleng prison, a converted
high school also known as S-21, Duch explained his role was to "smash"
people presumed disloyal to the Khmer Rouge movement.
prisoner was assumed guilty, he explained, effectively "already dead".
They were tortured for false confessions, usually that they were CIA or
KGB traitors, through electric shocks, beatings and whippings,
water-boarding, having fingers cut off or toenails pulled out. They
were then executed, most driven to nearby Choeung Ek - the Killing
Fields - where they were bludgeoned to death with ox-cart axles and
buried in mass graves.
"Those people were the
innocent, the clean, the very honest," Duch admitted yesterday. "I
don't believe they had committed any wrongdoing, as they were accused."
from a handwritten speech, which ran to more than 10 pages, Duch said
he found himself unwittingly caught up in a revolution he came to
despise, and was forced to do his job at Tuol Sleng against his wishes,
out of fear he would be killed if he refused.
"I could not withdraw from it ... I am very terrified."
the apology, broadcast live on national TV, left many Cambodians cold.
Norng Charnpal, one of only a dozen people to have walked out of Tuol
Sleng alive, told The Age he did not want Duch to apologise.
"I don't want to hear this. It is not real and it is not enough for my family," he said.
in the day, prosecutors asked that Duch be jailed for 40 years for his
crimes, effectively a life sentence for the 65-year-old. He will be
sentenced next year. Lead prosecutor, Australian William Smith,
rejected Duch's claim he was acting only out of fear for his own life,
telling the court: "The accused was neither a prisoner, nor a hostage,
nor a victim.
"He was an idealist, a revolutionary, a crusader ... prepared to torture and kill willingly for the good of the revolution."
the trial, Duch has listened, attentively but impassively, as the
evidence of the murderous regime he oversaw is laid bare before the
Even as the court heard this week of his
orders that inmates who soil themselves be forced to eat their excreta,
Duch has appeared inscrutable, simply taking meticulous notes of all
that is said.
The Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia for
four years between 1975 and 1979. The ultra-communist regime killed,
through starvation, overwork, disease and murder, an estimated 1.7
million people, one-quarter of the population.
has been detained since 1999, when he was found working as a Christian
aid worker in the jungle, and was formally arrested by the tribunal in