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The Eco Activists Who Are Camping Against Climate Change

Matt Ford

Police and protesters clash during a demonstration against German energy giant E.ON's alleged inaction on climate change at the company's Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station, near Nottingham. The protest has resumed for a second day, after 52 people were arrested the previous day as they sought to break through the security fence, police have said. (AFP/Carl Court)

ENGLAND -- There was no mistaking the target: the eight huge
cooling towers at Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station, sending plumes of
steam high into the watery blue sky of the English Midlands.

the question in the minds of an estimated 1,000 protestors gathered in
the surrounding woods and scrubland was how could they get in and shut
it down.

Surrounded by electrified fences, coils of razor wire
and hundreds of police, this coal-fired power station run by German
energy firm E.On was the target of environmental activists campaigning
to stop climate change.

of the protest, an amorphous group called the Camp for Climate Action,
claim the plant is one of the UK's largest sources of CO2 emissions and
had named last weekend's protest, "The Great Climate Swoop".

change is one of the most important and urgent problems facing us," one
protestor called Emma, told CNN. "Our politicians are not doing enough.
We have to take action."

"We need to increase the pressure on [UK
prime minister] Gordon Brown until he changes his mind about coal,"
said another called Magoo. "I wouldn't be here if I thought we couldn't
make a difference today."

Many protestors were upbeat following a
recent decision by E.On to shelve plans for a new coal powered power
station at Kingsnorth, in southern England, and the site of a similar
protest in 2008. E.On told CNN that the decision was "purely economic",
and "due to a marked fall in demand for electricity during the
recession", although many activists were claiming it as a victory for

Determination to act

There was no doubting the
activists' dedication. The weekend began peacefully enough with a
procession snaking up from the East Midlands Parkway train station
accompanied by a pedal-powered sound-system and a band. Several
officers told CNN they were glad to be policing this event rather than
a local football derby on the same day.

Yet over 24-hours police say 57 protestors were arrested and both police and activists were injured in violent scuffles.

protest at Ratcliffe-on-Soar was the latest from a movement that has
quickly come to define environmental activism in Britain, mixing
elements of the mid-1990s road protest movement with the more targeted,
professional approach of groups like Greenpeace and the mass civil
disobedience modeled by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

leaderless and non-hierarchical it has shown determination,
organization and direction. There were several families with young
children at the protests, as well as individuals of all ages, although
the bulk were twenty- and thirty-somethings.

While some wore
bandanas to hide their faces, others were in dressed as clowns or
scarecrows and seemed content to picnic within sight of the plant.

Peaceful protest and police


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the spring James Hansen a climate modeler for NASA and prominent
scientist lent his support for direct action, telling The Guardian
newspaper: "The democratic process doesn't quite seem to be working...
I think that peaceful demonstration is not out of order, because we're
running out of time."

The first action by Climate Camp for
Climate Action was at Drax coal power station in 2006, followed by
Heathrow airport in 2007 and Kingsnorth coal power station in 2008. In
2009 there have already been three events: a protest at the European
Climate Exchange in London, to coincide with the G20; a camp on
Blackheath, London, in August -- the site of the 1381 Peasant's Revolt
- and now the protests at Ratcliffe.

All have been characterized
by a mix of peaceful protest around a "camp" that is intended to model
low-carbon living, alongside militant direct action - and an
increasingly tense relationship with police.

At Kingsnorth a huge
police presence carried out over 8,000 searches according to an
official report by the National Policing Improvement Agency, which also
criticized tactics as "disproportionate and counterproductive".

death of Ian Tomlinson after being pushed to the ground by an officer
at the G20 protests this April led to a storm of criticism, and seems
to have brought about some changes in police tactics -- arresting
activists before they act, rather than confronting them in the field.

week ten people intending to come to Ratcliffe-on-Soar were held by
police on suspicion of conspiracy to commit aggravated trespass,
according to Police. Others have claimed they were phoned and told they
would be arrested if they came -- something the police deny.

Willing to be arrested

of the most dramatic scenes came on Saturday afternoon came when
hundreds of protestors mobbed around the perimeter fence on the north
side of the plant and attempted to pull it down.

Ropes were
attached to fence posts, with protestors clasping their hands over them
as officers tried to cut the cords with knives and secateurs, as the
crowd heaved down the fences. Others climbed up and hung on --
including one man and his young daughter.

It was in this moment
that a division seemed to emerge between those ready to confront the
police head on, and those holding back. Above the few dozen actually at
the fence were many more holding back, cheering, but wondering what to
do, obviously frightened of being arrested.

"Come down!" came the cry from one man at the fence. "This is not a spectator sport!"

few did. While the movement prides itself on inclusivity, and
commitment is welcome at any level, it clearly needs people ready to be
arrested. Whether the weekend's protests will inspire more of those who
came to greater militancy next time around -- or scare them away -
remains to be seen.

But as dusk fell on Saturday night and camp
was set the protestors were claiming victory -- and the next target was
already clear As they packed up tents and sleeping bags the next day
after a chilly night under the stars, cell phones chirruped as a
message arrived: "We did it! 24 hrs of truly inspirational action!
Fences down, gates blockaded, railway occupied, a camp in the woods.

"Now onwards to Copenhagen!"

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