LONDON- A surprised world greeted the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to U.S. President Barack Obama with a mixture of praise and skepticism on Friday.
In its announcement, the Norwegian Nobel Committee hailed Obama's
"extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and
cooperation between peoples."
Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg referred to Obama's work
for peace and disarmament, saying: "This is a surprising, an exciting
prize. It remains to be seen if he will succeed with reconciliation,
peace and nuclear disarmament."
Afghanistan's Taliban mocked the award, saying it was absurd to give it to Obama when he had ordered 21,000 extra troops to Afghanistan this year.
"The Nobel prize for peace? Obama should have won the 'Nobel Prize for escalating violence and killing civilians'," Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told Reuters by telephone from an undisclosed location.
Mohamed ElBaradei, director-general of the U.N. International Atomic
Energy Agency -- awarded the prize in 2005 -- said: "I cannot think of
anyone today more deserving of this honor. In less than a year in
office, he has transformed the way we look at ourselves and the world
we live in and rekindled hope for a world at peace with itself."
European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said in a
statement: "The award of the prize to President Obama, leader of the
most significant military power in the world, at the beginning of his
mandate, is a reflection of the hopes he has raised globally with his
vision of a world without nuclear weapons."
In the Middle East, chief Palestinian peace negotiator Saeb Erekat said the award could be a good omen for peace in the region.
"We hope that he will be able to achieve peace in the Middle East
and achieve Israeli withdrawal to 1967 borders and establish an
independent Palestinian state on 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as its
capital," he told Reuters
Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak told army radio he believed the
award would enhance Obama's ability "to contribute to establishing
regional peace in the Middle East and a settlement between us and the
Palestinians that will bring security, prosperity and growth to all the
peoples of the region."
The Islamist movement Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip and opposes a peace treaty with Israel, was more skeptical.
"Unless real and deep-rooted change is made in American policy
toward recognizing the rights of the Palestinian people I would think
such a prize would be useless," Ismail Haniyeh, Hamas prime minister in
the Gaza Strip, told reporters after Friday prayers.
Saleh al-Mutlaq, a senior Iraqi Sunni Muslim lawmaker, told Reuters:
"I think he deserves this prize. Obama succeeded to make a real change
in the policy of the United States -- a change from a policy that was
exporting evil to the world to a policy exporting peace and stability
to the world."
In Indonesia, Masdar Mas'udi, deputy head of Indonesia's largest
Muslim organization Nahdatul Ulama, said: "I think it's a good thing. I
think it's appropriate because he is the only American president who
has reached out to us in peace. On the issues of race, religion, skin
color, he has an open attitude."
In Pakistan, Liaqat Baluch, a senior leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami,
a conservative religious party, said: "It's a joke. How embarrassing
for those who awarded it to him because he's done nothing for peace.
What change has he brought in Iraq, the Middle East or Afghanistan?"
South Africa's Archbishop Desmond Tutu, awarded the prize himself in
1984, hailed the award as "a magnificent endorsement for the first
African American president in history."
Two other former recipients, Mikhail Gorbachev and Wangari Maathai, were among the first to offer their congratulations.
Gorbachev, the former Soviet leader awarded the prize in 1990, was
quoted by Itar-Tass news agency as saying: "In these hard times people
who are capable of taking responsibility, who have a vision, commitment
and political will should be supported."
Maathai, a Kenyan environmentalist who won in 2004, referred to
Obama's mixed heritage of a Kenyan father and American mother, called
it "another very encouraging event for Africa."
From Obama's ancestral village of Kogelo in western Kenya his uncle
Said Obama told Reuters: "It is humbling for us as a family and we
share in Barack's honor. We congratulate him."
Zimbabwean Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangarai, who had been among the
favorites to win this year, said Obama was an extraordinary example.
"I wish to congratulate President Obama. I think he is a deserving candidate," he told Reuters during a visit to Spain.