CHARLESTON, W.Va. -- President Obama's choice to be the nation's top
strip-mining regulator said Thursday he needs to learn more about
mountaintop removal coal mining before he can comment on whether it
needs to be more strictly policed.
Joseph G. Pizarchik declined to offer his views on the practice and its
regulation during a U.S. Senate committee hearing on his nomination as
director of the Interior Department's Office of Surface Mining
Reclamation and Enforcement.
Pizarchik also declined to answer questions about an Obama
administration proposal to make major changes in the federal Abandoned
Mine Lands program, but defended his record in Pennsylvania regulating
the dumping of toxic coal ash at mining sites.
"With the science we have, we have not had any evidence of pollution of
groundwater caused by the use of coal ash at these mine sites,"
Pizarchik said in response to questions from Senate Energy and Natural
Resources Chairman Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M.
A group of Pennsylvania citizens and the Washington, D.C.-based
Environmental Integrity Project said Thursday that their own reviews
have "uncovered substantial evidence of the contamination of water
supplies from this practice."
"[Pizarchik] continues to insist, despite volumes of evidence to the
contrary, that there is no evidence of degradation to water from coal
ash in any Pennsylvania coal mine," Eric Schaeffer, director of the
Environmental Integrity Project, wrote in a letter to Bingaman. "After
resisting regulation of mine-filling for many years, Mr. Pizarchik has
recently responded with a proposal that still falls well short of the
standards needed to protect groundwater and surface water."
During Thursday's hearing, Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J., tried three
times to get Pizarchik to discuss mountaintop removal and what steps he
would take at OSM to reduce environmental damage from the practice, but
Pizarchik, the chief of Pennsylvania's strip-mine regulatory agency,
responded that he would need to be confirmed and spend some time
studying the issue before he could really comment.
"If confirmed, I will get involved in that project and learn more about
the different perspectives held by the Environmental Protection Agency,
the Army Corps of Engineers, as well as other stakeholders of interest,
the citizens, environmentalists ... the state agencies that regulate
the actual mining activity that occurs," Pizarchik said.
Pizarchik continued, "Getting involved and getting a better handle on
the details of that, and how that is actually being implemented, and
getting an understanding of the facts would be the first basis to
determine what has transpired in the past, has that activity been done
in accordance with the law as enacted by Congress and the regulations
adopted by the state and federal agencies, and then looking at those
facts and deciding what would be the appropriate action to take at that
Menendez pressed Pizarchik for details of what the OSM plans to do
as part of an announced program by the Obama administration to more
closely regulate mountaintop removal. Again, Pizarchik said he could
not answer in any detail.
"Without knowing the nuances and details of that, but if confirmed, I
will be working for the president and I will be carrying out the course
charted by the administration on that," Pizarchik said.
Sen. John Barrasso, R-Wyo., asked Pizarchik to comment on an Obama
administration proposal to stop payments from the Abandoned Mine Land
program to states -- such as Wyoming, the nation's largest coal
producer -- that have certified all of their abandoned coal sites are
already cleaned up.
"At this time, I am not familiar with the details of the proposal or
the basis for the proposal, so it wouldn't be appropriate for me to
speculate," Pizarchik responded.
In a prepared statement to the committee, Pizarchik described growing up on a small family farm in southwestern Pennsylvania.
"Coal was a part of our daily lives," he said. "That's how we heated
our home. I also knew many people who worked in the mines, so I saw
firsthand the value placed on the job in the mines tempered by the
effects of poor safety regulations and the environmental havoc wreaked
by unfettered mining.
"Through friends and family," Pizarchik told lawmakers, "I witnessed
the benefits of improved safety and environmental standards."
In a letter to Bingaman, 125 Pennsylvania residents complained that
Pizarchik has promoted the burial of streams by valley-fill waste
piles, reduced public input at hearings on new mining permits and
ignored citizen concerns about property and water damage caused by
longwall underground mines.
During one meeting about longwall mining, the Pennsylvania residents
said, Pizarchik, "stated that people willingly sold their coal 100
years ago, and people in the coalfields should have known what they
were getting into when they moved into the coalfields."