BAGHDAD - Followers of Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr
marched on Friday against a pact letting U.S. forces stay in Iraq until
2011, toppling an effigy of President George W. Bush where U.S. troops
once tore down a statue of Saddam Hussein.
Thousands of demonstrators chanted and waved Iraqi flags in
Baghdad's Firdos square, where U.S. forces pulled down a statue of the
ousted Iraqi dictator when they took the city in 2003.
The pact, approved by both governments and now being debated
rancorously in the Iraqi parliament, requires U.S. troops to leave the
streets of Iraqi towns by the middle of next year and to leave the
country by December 31, 2011.
U.S. forces will need Iraqi warrants to arrest people, and U.S. contractors will be subjected to Iraqi law.
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki obtained important concessions from
the United States in months of grueling negotiations, and has ridiculed
the Sadrists for demanding a firm date for a U.S. withdrawal, only to
oppose it when he delivered it in the pact.
While the Sadrists have not made clear what their practical
alternative to the pact is, they say U.S. troops should leave Iraq
immediately, not in three years. They also say they doubt the Americans
will stick to the agreed timetable.
Bush had long opposed setting a deadline. His elected successor, Democrat Barack Obama, says he will withdraw combat forces within 16 months of taking office in January.
In Firdos Square, the Sadrist protesters erected an effigy of the
outgoing U.S. president, carrying a briefcase with the words "The pact
of subservience and shame." They hurled bottles at the effigy, toppled
it, tore it to pieces and set it on fire.
"I am with you in evicting the occupier any way you see fit," a
white-turbaned cleric read out to the demonstrators in a message from
Sadr, to shouts of "God is Great" from the crowd.
Sadr's supporters have staged several violent uprisings since 2003.
With Iraqi army snipers peering down from the rooftops, the
protesters knelt in prayer, then set off on a march chanting "Never,
never to the pact."
"I obey Sadr's orders to reject this degrading and humiliating
pact," said Abu Zainab, 36, a casual laborer from Baghdad's Sadr City
slum. "The pact was born dead because the occupation forces will not
withdraw at the agreed times."
The office of Baghdad security spokesman Major-General Qasim Moussawi said the protest took place without violent incident.
Members of the Sadrist parliamentary bloc joined the march.
Senior Sadr aide Hazim al-Araji told Reuters: "Today is the day of
Iraqi unity among Arabs, Kurds, all communities of Iraq, to reject the
security pact. These people are coming out to prove the security pact
While Sadr's followers oppose the pact outright, other groups have expressed reservations about some details.
The Iraqi government signed the accord this week and parliament is expected to vote on it next week.
"I call upon all the blocs in the parliament to be committed to the
oath they took to keep Iraq sovereign and independent," Sadrist
lawmaker Falah Shanshal told Reuters. "We are hopeful Iraqi
parliamentarians won't vote for the pact."
Maliki launched a crackdown on Sadr's followers earlier this year,
driving his black-masked Mehdi Army fighters off the streets of Baghdad
and cities of the Shi'ite south, which U.S. officials say gave Maliki
new confidence in negotiations.
U.S. officials say Sadr himself has been in neighboring Iran since last year.
Violence in Iraq has fallen to levels unseen since the days after
the invasion. But militants still carry out attacks. A roadside bomb at
a checkpoint in Baghdad's southerly Doura neighborhood killed three
people and wounded 15 on Friday.
Writing by Peter Graff; Editing by Giles Elgood