JOHNSONVILLE, S. Carolina - Outside the high school here Tuesday night, as people
gathered for a public hearing, three young women wrestled with a big
black inflatable coal plant that looked similar to a jump castle -
except for the words "CLEAN UP DIRTY COAL PLANTS NOW" on the side.
woman trying in vain to get the prop's smoke stacks raised was Katheryn
Hilton, 20, of Aiken, who two months ago spent 11 hours in jail after
being arrested at a demonstration at a coal plant in Virginia. Hilton
said coal is a dirty technology that will spew mercury into the air and
waterways and contribute to global warming.
Next to her, Sara Tansey, 20, looked for leaks. She took a year off
from the University of South Carolina to fight the coal industry.
"There are lots of young people who got engaged on the climate and
energy issue during the election," she said. "I think young people are
really awakening to injustice of the whole life cycle of coal."
the country, anti-coal activists, many of them students in their 20s,
are attending hearings and engaging in demonstrations and acts of civil
disobedience reminiscent of the protests their parents might have seen
in the 1970s against nuclear plants.
It's a big change from the
1990s when utilities went on a coal-plant construction binge with
little or no controversy. But today, projects such as Santee Cooper's
plan to build its Pee Dee coal plant face a new generation activists,
along with the usual cadre of established environmental groups.
a little intimidating to be here with people in their 40s and 50s,"
said Sara Sprehn, 19, a sophomore at the College of Charleston. She and
seven others from the college drove two hours to attend a state
Department of Health and Environmental Control hearing about the
plant's effect on state waterways. "We're educated about the issues,
and we want our opinions to be heard."
Santee Cooper is seeking state and federal permits to build two 600-megawatt generators.
part of the permitting process, DHEC and the Army Corps of Engineers
must hold a series of public hearings. Tuesday's focus was on water
quality, and about 200 people gathered in the Johnsonville High School
gymnasium to support or oppose the project.
As in past
hearings, some argued that the new plant would create new jobs. Santee
Cooper officials insisted that the plant would be the cleanest of its
kind. Their supporters said without the plant, the region could face
brownouts and blackouts.
Meanwhile, other residents said they
worry that the coal plant will pollute the air and waterways and
contribute to global warming. Some cited information from the recent
Post and Courier series "Toxic Ash," which revealed that coal ash is
contaminating groundwater at some landfills and ponds with arsenic and
other heavy metals many times the federal drinking water limit.
officials said they plan to take these comments into account as they
decide whether to grant Santee Cooper a permit, but government
regulators and environmental groups all have said they expect the
matter to end up in a court battle.
A wild card in the coal debate is whether anti-coal activists take the matter to different arenas.
the past several months, protesters picketed a coal plant in Kansas.
They formed human barriers outside a plant in Virginia, where Hilton
and 10 others were arrested.
In April, activists locked
themselves to bulldozers outside a Duke Power plant under construction
in western North Carolina and spread a banner that said "Global Warming
Crime Scene." Police used stun guns to control some of the
demonstrators and arrested eight people. This fall, Al Gore said,
"We've reached the stage where it's time for civil disobedience to
prevent construction of new coal-fired power plants that do not have
During the hearing, Hilton became emotional as
she talked about her concerns. She said she drove four hours to be here
and had a four-hour drive back that night. "I'm here representing
thousands of South Carolina youths who say coal is not the answer to
the state's energy problems."
Read the special report series on mercury from The Post and Courier.
Also see the special report series on toxic ash from The Post and Courier.