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Iraqis Flock to City for Monday's Massive Anti-US Protest

Khaled Farhan

NAJAF, Iraq - Thousands of Iraqis streamed to the holy southern city of Najaf on Sunday in response to a call by fiery Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr for a big anti-American protest on Monday.Sadr, who blames the U.S.-led invasion for Iraq's unrelenting violence, has urged Iraqis to protest on a day that marks the fourth anniversary of when American forces swept into central Baghdad.

0408 02"In order to end the occupation, you will go out and demonstrate", Sadr, who accuses U.S. forces of deliberately fomenting civil strife in Iraq, said in a statement.

A car bomb killed 17 people and wounded two dozen in the town of Mahmudiya south of Baghdad, officials said, in the latest attack outside Baghdad since a new U.S.-backed security plan took effect in the capital.

A suicide car bomb also killed seven people in Baghdad while four U.S. soldiers were killed in an explosion near their vehicle on Saturday north of the capital.

Sadr, who has been keeping a low profile, called on his Mehdi Army militia and Iraqi security forces to stop fighting in the volatile city of Diwaniya and stop playing into the hands of U.S. forces who he said had stirred up civil strife.

Iraqi and U.S. forces have clashed with militiamen in Diwaniya since launching an operation on Friday to wrest control of the southern city from the Mehdi Army. The Pentagon says the militia is the greatest threat to peace in Iraq.

Brigadier Qassim Moussawi, spokesman for a U.S.-Iraqi security operation in Baghdad, said a 24-hour vehicle ban would be in force in the capital from 5 a.m. (0100 GMT) on Monday.

"There will be protests marking the fourth anniversary. We don't want to give the terrorists a chance to use this opportunity," Moussawi said.

The mayor of Mahmudiya, Muaid al-Amiri, said the car bomb killed 17 people in the town, 30 km (20 miles) south of Baghdad.

It targeted industrial workshops and largely destroyed a three-storey building. Many smaller shops were levelled.

"Three of us and a young boy were sitting in a store selling spare parts for cars when there was a huge explosion. Debris from the roof fell on me," said one wounded man, who gave his name as Sadeq, lying on a hospital bed in the town.

What largely began as a Sunni Arab insurgency against U.S. and Iraqi forces following the 2003 invasion of Iraq has since transformed into a bloody sectarian conflict between Shi'ites and once-dominant Sunni Arabs.

Tens of thousands of Iraqis have been killed in the past year alone. More than 3,270 American soldiers have been killed since the U.S.-led invasion.

Pope Benedict, in his Easter message, lamented the "continual slaughter" in Iraq. "Nothing positive comes from Iraq, torn apart by continual slaughter as the civil population flees," the Pope said.


Thousands of supporters of Sadr boarded buses and rode in cars to Najaf on Sunday, responding to Sadr's call.

The Baghdad-Najaf road was packed with hundreds of vehicles crammed with passengers waving Iraqi flags and chanting religious and anti-U.S. slogans.

"No, no, no to America ... Moqtada, yes, yes, yes," they chanted as they converged towards Najaf.

Witnesses in some southern towns said Iraqi police were trying to stop Sadr's supporters from getting to Najaf.

The U.S. military says Sadr, who is wildly popular among Iraq's urban Shi'ite poor, is in neighboring Iran. His aides insist the young cleric is in Iraq and have denied suggestions he fled to Iran to escape the new crackdown.

The U.S. military said violence had dropped in Baghdad under the new crackdown, with a 26 percent decline in "murders and executions" between February and March, and a 60 percent fall between the last week of March and the first week of April.

Additional reporting by Ahmed Rasheed, Mariam Karouny, Aseel Kami, Yara Bayoumy, Ross Colvin and Mussab Al-Khairalla in Baghdad

© Reuters Ltd. 2007

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