Late Breaking News
|Date: July 8, 1998 2:25 pm
Contact: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
Jennifer Thorp or Sabrina Williams, 202-296-5469
|Link Shown Between Votes Against Senate Tobacco Bill, Tobacco Political Contributions; Senate Scorecard|
|WASHINGTON - July 8 - As the U.S. Senate returns from the July 4 recess,
a new scorecard on the McCain anti-tobacco bill shows which Senators voted to protect kids
from tobacco addiction and which Senators failed to declare their independence from the
tobacco industry. According to an analysis of voting records and campaign contributions
conducted by the CAMPAIGN FOR TOBACCO-FREE KIDS, Senators who voted consistently against
the McCain bill took far more money from the tobacco industry than those who supported the
The CAMPAIGN today released a scorecard showing each Senator's voting performance on key McCain bill votes, and the total tobacco industry campaign contributions each received over the last decade and in their last election cycles.
The McCain bill is a comprehensive approach to tobacco control that was put aside by the Senate on June 17, when it fell three votes short of the 60 needed for cloture -- to cut off extended debate. Opponents thus prevented a vote on the bill on its merits. The bill would have imposed restrictions on youth access to tobacco, curtailed advertising that has the greatest influence on kids, created a public education campaign, raised the price of cigarettes to discourage tobacco use among children, confirmed the authority of the FDA to regulate tobacco, and more. The McCain bill, or other tobacco legislation, could still be considered during the remainder of this congressional session.
The CAMPAIGN's scorecard assigns each Senator a "Pro-Kid" score based on the critical cloture vote and the other McCain bill votes while the bill was being debated on the floor of the Senate, and provides figures on the tobacco campaign contributions each legislator received. The tobacco industry opposed the McCain bill and fought hard to defeat it.
Senators who consistently voted against kids on proposed amendments to the bill, and more importantly, who worked to kill the legislation altogether by voting against cloture, took an average of more than four times the amount of campaign contributions from tobacco interests than those receiving strong Pro-Kid scores.
Fifty Senators received Pro-Kid scores of 67 or better, with 19 of them supporting Pro-Kid votes 100 percent of the time. Those who voted Pro-Kid 100 percent of the time were Senators Boxer (CA), Durbin (IL), Moseley-Braun (IL), Kennedy (MA), Sarbanes (MD), Wellstone (MN), Baucus (MT), Conrad (ND), Dorgan (ND), Lautenberg (NJ), Bingaman (NM), Bryan (NV), Moynihan (NY), Wyden (OR), Specter (PA), Reed (RI), Johnson (SD), Leahy (VT) and Murray (WA). (Senator Specter's score of 100 was based on his Pro-Kid positions on the scorecard's first three votes, which took place before he became ill and was unable to vote on the others.)
The following 31 additional Senators received a score of 67 or more and voted in favor of cloture: Bumpers (AR), Feinstein (CA), Dodd (CT), Lieberman (CT), Biden (DE), Graham (FL), Cleland (GA), Inouye (HI), Akaka (HI), Grassley (IA), Harkin (IA), Breaux (LA), Landrieu (LA), Kerry (MA), Mikulski (MD), Collins (ME), Snowe (ME), Levin (MI), Kerrey (NE), Torricelli (NJ), Reid (NV), D'Amato (NY), Glenn (OH), Smith (OR), Chafee (RI), Daschle (SD), Jeffords (VT), Feingold (WI), Kohl (WI), Byrd (WV) and Rockefeller (WV).
"Nineteen Senators stood up to the tobacco industry and consistently voted for America's kids, and 50 Senators received passing scores in their votes against Big Tobacco," said Bill Novelli, CAMPAIGN president. "Although the McCain bill did not pass, these Senators' courage and independence have paved the way for strong legislation to again be brought forward in this session of Congress to save lives and protect kids from tobacco addiction."
In contrast, 43 Senators who voted consistently with the industry's positions received scores of 33 or below. An examination of campaign contributions revealed Senators with scores of 33 or below took an average of four times more tobacco industry money than those with strong Pro-Kid voting records. For the period from January 1, 1987 through the first quarter of 1998, the average tobacco campaign contribution for Senators scoring 33 or below on the McCain bill was $34,083, while Senators who scored 67 and above only accepted $8,108. Further, in their most recent election cycle, these Senators with scores of 33 or below received an average of $17,509 in tobacco campaign contributions, versus an average of $3,960 for their Pro-Kid, high-scoring colleagues.
Of the 43 Senators with scores of 33 or below, 22 received scores of 14 or less (one or zero Pro-Kid votes), and not one of these 22 Senators voted in favor of cloture. Senators with Pro-Kid scores of 14 or less were Senators Stevens (AK), Sessions (AL), Kyl (AZ), Allard (CO), Coats (IN), McConnell (KY), Lott (MS), Cochran (MS), Burns (MT), Faircloth (NC), Helms (NC), Hagel (NE), Smith (NH), Nickles (OK), Thurmond (SC), Thompson (TN), Hutchison (TX), Hatch (UT), Warner (VA), Gorton (WA), Enzi (WY) and Thomas (WY).
"Many of these Senators with poor Pro-Kid scores are so clearly indebted to the tobacco industry for its political contributions, that they did everything in their power to defeat tobacco control legislation," said Matthew L. Myers, executive vice president and general counsel of the CAMPAIGN. "These Senators were intent on killing this strong legislation, rather than working cooperatively to pass the best possible bill. Not one of them introduced an amendment to improve the bill. In opposing this bipartisan legislation, they ultimately opposed an effort that would have saved lives from tobacco."
While the tobacco industry's millions of dollars in political contributions helped to narrowly defeat the McCain bill, the opportunity for meaningful action remains alive. "Now that the Senate has returned from the July 4 recess, it is critical that legislators move forward quickly on tobacco legislation," said Myers. "There is clearly enough time left to get it done this year, and we look forward to the continued support of the Pro-Kid Senators. We also encourage those Senators who did not receive passing Pro-Kid scores to declare their independence from tobacco money and join us in working for comprehensive legislation to protect kids and save lives."
The scorecard is based on eight key votes, including efforts to raise the price of tobacco, protect funding for critical public health programs, and most importantly, end debate and move the bill forward. Had it received the necessary 60 votes, the cloture motion taken on June 17 would have advanced the McCain bill, and signaled strong support for final passage. Because this vote stands out as the most important of the debate, it counts double in the scorecard. A copy of the scorecard follows. The campaign contribution data were compiled by Common Cause using Federal Election Commission reports. The CAMPAIGN will continue to monitor and make the public aware of important tobacco control votes in Congress.
The Washington, DC-based CAMPAIGN FOR TOBACCO-FREE KIDS is the largest initiative ever undertaken to decrease youth tobacco use in the United States. Its mandate is to focus the nation's attention and action on keeping tobacco marketing from seducing children, and making tobacco less accessible to kids.
SENATE TOBACCO VOTE CHART: Pro-Kid vs. Pro-Tobacco
CHART EXPLANATION: The following chart lists all U.S. Senators
by state, giving them a "Pro-Kid" score based on a series of votes
on the McCain tobacco control bill (S. 1415). The Pro-Kid score is
the proportion of votes cast that are Pro-Kid with 100 percent
being the strongest possible Pro-Kid score. Explanations for each
vote follow the chart. Using data released in June of 1998, the
chart also lists the amount of tobacco industry PAC money that each
Senator has taken both during their last election cycle, and since
January 1, 1987.
Y = Pro-Kid Vote
N = Vote against kids
- = Not voting or voting "present"
SENATOR PRO-KID 1987-98 LAST ELECTION VOTES (b)
SCORE TOBACCO TOBACCO 1234567-89
(pct.) DOLLARS DOLLARS
-------------- ------- ------- ----------- -----------
AK Stevens 11 $0 $0 NYNNNN N N
AK Murkowski 22 $19,666 $12,500 NYNYNN N N
AL Sessions(a) 11 -$800 $1,000 NNNYNN N N
AL Shelby 22 $40,916 $14,500 NNYYNN N N
AR Hutchinson 22 $500 $500 NNYYNN N N
AR Bumpers(a) 89 $5,000 $6,000 YYYNYY Y Y
AZ Kyl 11 $23,650 $17,250 NNYNNN N N
AZ McCain 44 $21,500 $19,500 NYNNNN Y Y
CA Feinstein 78 $1,000 $0 NYNYYY Y Y
CA Boxer 100 $0 $0 YY-YYY Y Y
CO Allard 11 $30,850 $20,000 NNYNNN N N
CO Campbell, B 22 $33,415 $8,999 NYYNNN N N
CT Dodd 89 $34,499 $14,000 YYNYYY Y Y
CT Lieberman(a) 89 $12,000 $12,000 YYNYYY Y Y
DE Roth 56 $17,816 $14,250 NYYNNN Y Y
DE Biden 86 $0 $0 YYN-Y- Y Y
FL Mack 22 $30,600 $10,750 NYNNNY N N
FL Graham, B 89 $3,000 $2,000 YYNYYY Y Y
GA Coverdell 22 $28,000 $0 NNYYNN N N
GA Cleland 89 $4,000 $2,000 NYYYYY Y Y
HI Inouye 71 $13,000 $5,000 NYN--Y Y Y
HI Akaka 89 $11,250 $2,000 YYNYYY Y Y
IA Grassley 78 $26,166 $13,000 YYYYNN Y Y
IA Harkin 89 $0 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
ID Craig 22 $38,550 $21,000 NNYYNN N N
ID Kempthorne 22 $22,166 $11,000 NNYYNN N N
IL Durbin 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
IL Mosley-Braun 100 $12,000 $7,000 YYYYYY Y Y
IN Coats(a) 11 $57,750 $29,000 NNYNNN N N
IN Lugar 33 $5,000 $1,000 YYYNNN N N
KS Brownback(a) 33 $500 $0 NYYYNN N N
KS Roberts 33 $34,197 $21,847 NYYYNN N N
KY McConnell 0 $93,700 $25,950 NNNNNN N N
KY Ford, W 33 $65,574 $55,998 NYNNYY N N
LA Breaux 67 $25,000 $11,500 NYNNYY Y Y
LA Landrieu 89 $2,500 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
MA Kerry 89 $0 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
MA Kennedy 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
MD Mikulski 89 $0 $0 NYYYYY Y Y
MD Sarbanes 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
ME Collins, S 78 $0 $0 NYYYNY Y Y
ME Snowe 89 $9,600 $7,000 YYYYNY Y Y
MI Abraham 56 $7,000 $1,000 NYYYNN Y N
MI Levin, C 89 $1,000 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
MN Grams 22 $23,750 $18,000 NNYYNN N N
MN Wellstone 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
MO Ashcroft 22 $8,000 $8,000 NNYYNN N N
MO Bond 33 $39,000 $30,000 NYYYNN N N
MS Lott 0 $50,250 $24,250 ----NN N N
MS Cochran 11 $36,450 $13,000 NNYNNN N N
MT Burns(a) 11 $48,000 $27,000 NNYNNN N N
MT Baucus 100 $18,250 $5,000 YYYYYY Y Y
NC Faircloth 0 $88,666 $6,500 NNNNNN N N
NC Helms 0 $112,250 $52,250 NNNNNN N N
ND Conrad 100 $37,855 $15,000 YYYYYY Y Y
ND Dorgan 100 $24,500 $12,000 YYYYYY Y Y
NE Hagel 11 $19,000 $7,000 NNYNNN N N
NE Kerrey 89 $27,500 $21,500 NYYYYY Y Y
NH Smith, B 14 $37,300 $23,000 --YNNN N N
NH Gregg 56 $8,166 $3,000 NYYYNN Y N
NJ Torricelli 89 $500 $0 NYYYYY Y Y
NJ Lautenberg 100 $2,500 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
NM Domenici 22 $32,000 $14,000 NNYYNN N N
NM Bingaman 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
NV Reid 89 $13,000 $7,000 NYYYYY Y Y
NV Bryan(a) 100 $16,500 $13,500 YYYYYY Y Y
NY D'Amato 78 $38,666 $19,000 YYYYNN Y Y
NY Moynihan 100 $8,500 $7,000 YYYYYY Y Y
OH DeWine 56 $34,000 $23,000 NYNYNN Y Y
OH Glenn 89 $0 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
OK Nickles 11 $40,166 $26,000 NNYNNN N N
OK Inhofe 22 $38,200 $16,000 NNYYNN N N
OR Smith, G 78 $0 $0 YYYYNN Y Y
OR Wyden 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
PA Santorum(a) 33 $35,750 $31,500 NYYYNN N N
PA Specter 100 $9,916 $3,450 YYY--- - -
RI Chafee 89 $0 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
RI Reed 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
SC Thurmond 11 $25,500 $15,000 NYNNNN N N
SC Hollings 44 $71,963 $16,998 NYNNYN Y N
SD Daschle 89 $12,000 $3,000 YYNYYY Y Y
SD Johnson, T 100 $4,500 $2,000 YYYYYY Y Y
TN Thompson, F 11 $47,000 $33,000 NNYNNN N N
TN Frist 33 $15,500 $1,000 NYNNNN Y N
TX Hutchison 11 $44,923 $44,923 NNNYNN N N
TX Gramm 22 $40,600 $14,000 NNYYNN N N
UT Hatch 13 $11,400 $9,000 NYN-NN N N
UT Bennett 56 $2,166 $0 NYNYNN Y Y
VA Warner 11 $62,566 $39,150 NNYNNN N N
VA Robb 33 $40,500 $19,000 NYNNYY N N
VT Jeffords 89 $5,600 $1,100 YYNYYY Y Y
VT Leahy 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
WA Gorton 11 $10,000 $7,000 NYNNNN N N
WA Murray 100 $0 $0 YYYYYY Y Y
WI Feingold 89 $1,000 $0 NYYYYY Y Y
WI Kohl 89 $0 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
WV Byrd 78 $16,000 $3,000 NYNYYY Y Y
WV Rockefeller 89 $8,611 $0 YYNYYY Y Y
WY Enzi 11 $0 $0 NNYNNN N N
WY Thomas, C 11 $34,550 $23,000 NNYNNN N N
(a): Tobacco PAC money returned by these Senators was deducted
from their "Tobacco $ 1987-1998" column totals.
(b) VOTE EXPLANATIONS:
Vote 1: Table Kennedy Amendment. Pro-Kid vote was NO. This
amendment would have raised the price increase from $1.10 to $1.50
per pack. The motion to table passed 59-39.
Vote 2: Table Ashcroft Amendment. Pro-Kid vote was YES.
This amendment would have eliminated the revenue measures from the
underlying bill. The motion to table passed 72-26.
Vote 3: Table Gregg Amendment. Pro-Kid vote was NO. This
amendment removed the $8 billion per year cap and all other civil
liability provisions from the bill. The motion to table failed
Vote 4: Table Durbin-DeWine. Pro-Kid vote was NO. This
amendment shifted the focus of the "lookback" penalties from
industry-wide to company specific. The motion to table failed 29-66.
Vote 5: Pass Coverdell Amendment. Pro-Kid vote was NO. This
amendment funded anti-illegal-drug enforcement and interdiction.
All funds for these programs were authorized to be taken from the
public health account created by S. 1415. The amendment passed
Vote 6: Table Gramm Amendment. Pro-Kid vote was YES. This
amendment provided a reduction in the so-called "marriage-tax."
Funds for this would be taken from the public health account created
by S. 1415, as well as the other accounts, such as for health
research, farmers, and state reimbursement. The motion to table
Vote 7/8: Cloture Motion -- Because of importance, this vote
counts twice. Pro-Kid vote was YES. This final cloture motion
would have moved S. 1415 to a final vote on passage. The cloture
motion failed 57-42. (60 votes needed to invoke cloture.)
Vote 9: Motion to Waive Budget Point of Order. Pro-Kid vote
was YES. This point of order removed S. 1415 from the Senate floor
and sent it back to the Commerce Committee. The motion to waive
the point or order failed 53-46 (60 votes needed to waive motion).
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