Cluster Bomb Ban Treaty Takes Effect Worldwide

For Immediate Release

Cluster Munition Coalition
Contact: 

In London, Conor Fortune: +44-(0)20-7256-9500; or conor@stopclustermunitions.org
In Geneva/London, Samantha Bolton
In Washington, D.C., Lea Radick (Communications Officer, Handicap International/USCBL): +1 (301) 891-3002; or lradick@handicap‑international.us
In New York, Zach Hudson (Coordinator, USCBL): zhudson@handicap-international.us

Cluster Bomb Ban Treaty Takes Effect Worldwide

Campaigners celebrate as Convention becomes binding international law

LONDON - The Convention on Cluster Munitions takes effect on Sunday,
August 1, 2010, when it becomes binding international law in countries around
the world. In dozens of countries, campaigners from the Cluster Munition
Coalition (CMC) will join U.N. agencies, governments and international
organizations in events celebrating the swift entry into force of the most
significant disarmament and humanitarian treaty in over a decade.

"Campaigners
around the world are celebrating a triumph of humanitarian values over a cruel
and unjust weapon," said Thomas Nash, Coordinator of the CMC. "At a time when
concern over civilian deaths in conflict is in the news, this treaty stands out
as a clear example of what governments must do to protect civilians and redress
the harm already caused by cluster bombs, by assisting victims and making land
safe."

Adopted in
Dublin on May 30, 2008 and opened for signature in Oslo in December 2008, the
Convention bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster
munitions and calls for the destruction of stockpiles within eight years,
clearance of cluster munition-contaminated land within 10 years, and assistance
to cluster munition survivors and affected communities. On August 1, all of the
Convention's provisions become fully and legally binding for states that have
joined.

"Nations that remain outside this treaty are missing out
on the most significant advance in disarmament of the past decade," said Steve
Goose, director of the Arms Division at Human Rights Watch and CMC co-chair.
"If governments care enough about humanitarian law and protecting civilians
from the deadly effects of armed conflict, they will join immediately."

To date, 107 countries have signed the Convention and 37 have ratified. Among
them are former users and producers of cluster munitions, as well as countries
affected by the weapons. The international stigma against cluster munitions is
already taking root and the last confirmed use of cluster munitions in a major
armed conflict met with international condemnation when both Russia and Georgia
used them in the conflict over South Ossetia in August 2008.

"Work is already under way to implement the Convention's provisions, which
shows that states are serious about ending the civilian suffering caused by
cluster bombs and helping survivors and affected communities to enjoy their
full human rights," said Marion Libertucci, advocacy officer at Handicap
International and CMC co-chair.

In recent weeks, Moldova and Norway destroyed the last of their cluster
munition stockpiles, joining Spain, which eradicated its stockpile last year.
Nearly a dozen other states have begun destruction, including the United
Kingdom, a major former user and producer of the weapons. In December 2009,
Albania completed clearance of cluster submunition contamination on its
territory, the first signatory country to do so.

The CMC calls on all governments to attend the First Meeting of States Parties
to the Convention, which will be held from November 9-12 in Lao PDR, the
world's most cluster-bombed country. This key meeting will lay the foundation
for future work on the Convention by bringing together for the first time
states parties to the treaty, U.N. agencies, international organizations, civil
society, and cluster bomb survivors. Governments will share progress to date
and draw up plans for action to implement the treaty's lifesaving provisions
within the established deadlines.

"Only a few years ago, many people said it was an impossible dream to ban
cluster bombs," said Branislav Kapetanovic a CMC spokesperson who
lost all four limbs to a cluster submunition during a clearance operation in
Serbia. "What this treaty shows is that ordinary people, including
cluster bomb survivors like me, can be a part of extraordinary changes that
bring real improvements to people's lives all over the world."

Since its founding in 2003, the CMC has worked as a global network of civil
society organizations and cluster bomb survivors in collaboration with
governments, U.N. agencies and international organizations to negotiate and
promote universal adherence to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

CMC campaigners are holding events in around 75 countries on all continents and
on board a ship in the Arctic Ocean to mark the Convention's entry into force
and "beat the drum to ban cluster bombs," including drumming sessions, film
screenings, panel discussions, football games, and photographic exhibitions.
(See below for a list of countries where events will take place.)

To read the CMC fact sheet, "From Words to Action:
questions and answers on the Convention on Cluster Munitions," please visit:

http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/cmc-from-words-to-action-qa.pdf

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The CMC is an international coalition with more than 350 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in around 100 countries to encourage urgent action against cluster bombs. The CMC facilitates NGO efforts worldwide to educate governments, the public and the media about the problems of cluster munitions and to urge universalization and full implementation of the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.

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