For Immediate Release
Solution to ‘Too-Big-to-Fail’ Banks: Break Up Firms, Avoid Future Bailouts, Public Citizen to Tell Congress
Robert Weissman, President of Public Citizen, to Testify Today Before Lawmakers
WASHINGTON - Giant
banking firms should be broken up, rules should be reinstated
prohibiting commercial banks from risky speculative ventures and new
"resolution authority" for non-bank financial institutions should be
created, Public Citizen will tell Congress today.
are just a few solutions to deal with institutions that are deemed "too
big to fail," Robert Weissman, president of Public Citizen, will tell
the House Judiciary Committee's Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law.
is hard to look at what was done over the past year and a half and
conclude it was anything less than disastrous," Weissman says. "The
bailout strategy is unacceptable. It unjustifiably plunders the public
treasury to support failed, reckless enterprises while reinforcing the
cycles that lead to periodic failure and ever-larger bailouts."
should take a page out of the book of antitrust law, Weissman says.
Antitrust offers a good approach to addressing Wall Street abuses
because it looks at industry structure, rather than just setting rules
for market participants, he says. The antitrust approach asks not how
regulatory agencies can monitor the mammoth financial institutions, but
whether those institutions exist at all.
Weissman recommends that:
government should break up "too-big-to-fail" firms. This would take
place over time, with regulators managing the process. Or the
government could instruct the mega-institutions to sell off operations
or spin off subsidiaries;
should reinstate the Glass-Steagall Act, which kept commercial banks
separate from investment banks and other enterprises that undertake
should enforce the existing 10 percent concentration limit for
depository institutions, and consider lowering the threshold. This
means that a bank cannot acquire another bank if the acquisition gives
it more than 10 percent of deposits nationwide;
- Congress should assess what constitutes appropriate size or interconnected limits for non-depository assets;
- If Congress
doesn't want to immediately start breaking up firms or reinstate
Glass-Steagall, it should create an independent commission to assess
the structure and risks posed by the financial services industry;
should impose a fee on the too-big-to-fail institutions to capture for
the public the subsidy these corporations are receiving in credit
- Special rules
of conduct designed to deter risky behavior and enable effective
monitoring by government regulators should be applied to the largest
financial institutions. These should prohibit the use of offshore tax
havens, mandate that executive compensation and bonuses be linked to
long-term performance, enhance consumer protection standards, enhance
obligations to serve underserved communities, and more.
problem with the bailout, Weissman explains, is that the government has
not required reciprocity from any of the bailed-out firms. Nor has it
demanded the firms change the behaviors that led to the collapse.
government needs "resolution authority" that would give it the tools it
needs to act quickly and with flexibility when large financial firms
are about to go under and jeopardize the whole system, Weissman says.
authority would provide structured government intervention, rather than
the haphazard approach we have seen. It should draw on the assets of
the failing institution, rather than on government assets, when dealing
with crises. It should provide officials with the power to merge a
failing financial firm into another institution, or sell off pieces of
the failing firm. It also should provide the power to maintain
ownership of a resolved firm if doing so is in the public interest.
Street is now populated by a handful of dominant mega-corporations - a
smaller group of larger firms than existed even before the current
financial crisis," Weissman says. "Many - including many who believe
the too-big-to-fail problem is a looming, ongoing, long-term and
recurring threat to financial stability - believe this state of affairs
is a fait accompli. The antitrust tradition teaches us that it need not
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Public Citizen is a national, nonprofit consumer advocacy organization founded in 1971 to represent consumer interests in Congress, the executive branch and the courts.